Hawaiian Native Plant Propagation Resource

This website is part of a collaborative project funded by the Environmental Security and Technology Certification Program to Erin Questad (Cal Poly, Pomona), Susan Cordell (USDA Forest Service), and James Kellner (Brown University).


This site was prepared by Dave Janas, with contributions by Amanda Uowolo, Samuel Brooks, and Kaulana Hinds of the Institute of Pacific Islands Forestrty, USDA Forest Service.

We gathered the information in this website in order to learn to successfully propagate a range of threatened dry forest plant species on Hawaii Island. We collected as much information as possible about successful propagation and culture of these species from regional growers and experts. Many of these species are not commonly grown so knowledge is limited and often anecdotal. We have compiled this information from interviews with local experts and our own experiences in order to document some baseline information to assist with future restoration efforts, as well as our own. We provide this information in the hopes that it will be useful to others. This work is always in progress, and will evolve as our knowledge base expands. If you would like to contribute to this resource please contact Erin Questad.

Taxonomic information taken from The Plant List, which is a working list of current taxonomy. Commonly used synonyms have been included to facilitate easy information retrieval.

Caesalpinia kauaiensis (Fabacae) - uhiuhi
Caesalpinia kavaiensis (Fabaceae) - uhiuhi
Chamaesyce olowaluana (Euphorbiaceae) - akoko
Colubrina oppositifolia (Rhamnaceae) - kauila
Dodonaea viscosa (Sapindaceae) – a’ali’i
Dracaena konaensis (Asparagaceae) - halapepe
Eragrostis deflexa (Poaceae)
Erythrina sandwicensis (Fabaceae) - wiliwili
Euphorbia olowaluana (Euphorbiaceae) - akoko
Haplostachys haplostachya (Lamiaceae) - honohono
Lipochaeta spp (Asteraceae) - nehe
Melanthera spp (Asteraceae) - nehe
Mezoneuron kauaiensis (Fabaceae) - uhiuhi
Neraudia ovata (Urticaceae) - ma'aloa
Nothocestrum breviflorum (Solanceae) – ‘aiea
Pleomele hawaiiensis (Asparagaceae) - halapepe
Peperomia leptostachya (Piperaceae)
Portulaca sclerocarpa (Portulacaceae) – ‘ihi
Reynoldsia sandwicensis (Araliaceae) - ohe makai
Silene hawaiiensis (Caryophyllaceae)
Silene lanceolata (Caryophyllaceae)
Sophora chrysophylla (Fabaceae) - mamane
Spermolepis hawaiiensis (Apiaceae)
Stenogyne angustifolia (Lamiaceae)
Zanthoxylum hawaiiense (Rutaceae) – a’e

Growing Tips

Mahalo nui loa to the individuals who shared their time and experience: Steve Evans and Kathy Kawakami of the Center for Environmental Management of Military Lands at PTA, Brian Kiyabu of Amy Greenwell Ethnobotanical Garden, Jill Wagner of the Hawaii Forest Institute and Future Forests Nursery, Susan Dale of Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, Don Goo of the USDA Forest Service (retired), Dave Faucette of the Waikoloa Dry Forest Recovery Project, and Elliott Parsons of the Hawaii Division of Forestry and Wildlife.

Modeled Distribution Maps:
Price, J.P., Jacobi, J.D., Gon, S.M., III, Matsuwaki, D., Mehrhoff, L., Wagner, W., Lucas, M., and Rowe, B., 2012, Mapping plant species ranges in the Hawaiian Islands—Developing a methodology and associated GIS layers: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2012–1192, 34 p., 1 appendix (species table), 1,158 maps, available at http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2012/1192/.

Other Sources of Information:
Lilleeng-Rosenberger, Kerin E. 2005. Growing Hawai'i's Native Plants. Mutual Publishing, Honolulu, Hawai'i.

Stratton, Lisa, Leslie Hudson, Nova Suenaga, Barrie Morgan. Overview of Hawaiian Dry Forest Propagation Techniques. The Nature Conservancy of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii. Available from http://hawaii-forest.net/files/Drylandpropagationtech.pdf (accessed Jan 2014).

All photos taken by Dave Janas, unless otherwise noted.


Last modified 2015-11-02