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Infectious Diseases

Cal Poly Pomona cares about the health and safety of our community members.

This public health information is provided to increase education and awareness about infectious diseases being reported on in the media. No active cases of any of the these diseases have been reported within our university community.

Meningococcal Meningitis

  • Meningitis is inflammation of the meninges (protective membranes) of the brain or spinal cord. This inflammation is often caused by infection.

  • Meningitis can be caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites or noninfectious inflammation.

  • Meningococcus (Neisseria meningitides) is one of many types of bacteria that can cause meningitis. Meningococcal disease is a serious bacterial illness however most cases of meningitis are not caused by meningococcus.

  • Patients with meningococcus meningitis frequently report fever, headache, stiff neck, nausea, vomiting, photophobia, lethargy and rash.

  • Transmission usually occurs through direct contact with respiratory secretion from a person with the meningococcal bacteria.

  • Meningococcal disease is transmitted through direct contact with respiratory and throat secretions. Close contacts include household members, child care center contacts, and anyone directly exposed to the patient’s oral secretions (e.g., through kissing, mouth-to-mouth resuscitation, endotracheal intubation, or endotracheal tube management).

  • This infection is not spread by casual contact (e.g., classroom contact), touching doorknobs or other surfaces, or breathing the same air. There is a vaccine to prevent infection from certain strains of the meningococcus bacteria.

  • For further information, see http://www.cdc.gov/meningococcal/index.html

Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever

  • Ebola hemorrhagic fever (Ebola HF) is one of numerous Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers. It is a severe, often fatal disease in humans.

  • There is currently an outbreak in West Africa in the countries of Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Nigeria

  • Early recognition is critical for infection control.

  • Incubation period is 2-21 days after exposure with 8-10 days being most common.

  • Persons returning from an affected area but have NOT had direct contact with the body fluids of symptomatic infected persons or animals, or objects that have been contaminated with body fluids, should monitor their health for 10 days. Those WITH a potential exposure should monitor their health for 21 days post exposure. Regardless, any traveler who becomes ill, even if only a fever, should consult a health-care provider immediately and tell him or her about their recent travel and potential contacts.

  • For further information, see http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS)

  • Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) is viral respiratory illness first reported in Saudi Arabia in 2012. It is caused by a coronavirus called MERS-CoV.
  • Most cases have occurred on the Arabian Peninsula.
  • Any traveler who develops a fever or cough after returning from the Arabian Peninsula or neighboring countries within 14 days or close contact with a traveler who develop respiratory illness within 14 days after travel to the Arabian Peninsula should consult with a healthcare provider immediately.
  • For more information and complete details see http://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/mers/index.html

Healthy Behaviors

  • Help prevent infectious diseases by practicing positive hygiene habits.
  • Cough or sneeze into your sleeve or tissue.

  • Wash or sanitize hands frequently.

  • Avoid sharing drinking cups, cans, bottles, eating utensils, toothbrushes, cosmetics, smoking devices, and towels.