Recommended Immunizations for College Students
Vaccines are not just for children. Vaccines are needed throughout your adult life to help you stay healthy. Over time, immunity from childhood vaccines can wear off and you may be at risk for new and different diseases. Additionally, some people don’t receive all of the vaccines they need in childhood, and getting them as an adult offers protection against certain diseases. Below is a list of vaccines that are recommended for college students.
A. MMR (MEASLES, MUMPS, RUBELLA)
For students born after 1956, two doses are required at least 28 days apart and given after 1 year of age.
Students need to have the primary series (3-4 doses) in childhood, with doses at least 28 days apart. A booster may be recommended after age 18 for travel to certain countries.
Two doses of the vaccine (age 1-12 years old spaced 12 weeks apart, age 13+ years old spaced 4 weeks apart) are needed unless you were born in the U.S. before 1980, have had chicken pox, or have had a positive Varicella antibody test showing immunity.
D. TETANUS, DIPHTHERIA, PERTUSSIS
Students need to have the primary series (4 doses) in childhood. A one-time Tdap booster is given in adolescence to early-adulthood. Adults should get a Td booster every 10 years.
E. HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS VACCINE (HPV2 or HPV4 or HPV9)
Three doses of vaccine for females and males are given between 11-26 years of age on a schedule dependent on which vaccine is used.
F. HEPATITIS A
Two doses are given at least 6-12 months apart at age 1 year old or older.
G. HEPATITIS B
Three doses are needed at 0, 1 and 6 month intervals and can be given at any age after birth.
H. MENINGOCOCCAL QUADRIVALENT (A, C, Y, and W135)
If initial dose given at age 11-15 years old, a booster is given at age 16-18; if initial dose at age 16+, no booster; for protection against illness caused by Neisseria meningitidis bacteria type A, C,Y and W135 which can cause meningitis.
I. MENINGOCOCCAL SEROTYPE B
Two to three doses of vaccine depending on specific vaccine age 10 years or older used if protection desired against Neisseria meningitidis bacteria type B which can cause meningitis.
A flu shot is recommended each year to protect against the flu.
A pneumonia shot is recommended for students with certain medical conditions or if over 65.
For more information and to learn more about each vaccine: