Angiosperm Phylogeny: Topic outline

This is the general sequence of topics, but it may change during the quarter.

  1. Why is phylogeny important?
  2. The Angiosperm Phylogeny Group
  3. Natural classification
    1. Adanson
    2. de Jussieu
    3. de Candolle
    4. Bentham & Hooker
  4. Accounting for evolution
    1. Eichler
    2. Engler & Prantl
    3. Bessey
    4. Cronquist
    5. Takhtajan
    6. Thorne
    7. Dahlgren
  5. Common features of pre-cladistic classifications
  6. Questions encountered by 19th and 20th C. classifiers
    1. Are the flowering plants polyphyletic?
    2. From which group(s) of gymnosperms did the flowering plants evolve?
    3. Which flowering plants are most primitive?
    4. What features of flowering plants are most conservative?
    5. What are the driving forces of evolution in flowering plants?
  7. The impact of phylogenetic systematics
    1. The meaning of "relationship"
    2. The concept of "grade"
    3. Monophyly and synapomorphy
    4. Phylocode and unranked clades
  8. The search for synapomorphies: Phenotype
    1. Morphology
    2. Biochemistry
  9. Molecular evidence
    1. DNA–DNA hybridization
    2. Restriction site analysis (RFLP)
    3. RAPD, AFLP, and microsatellite analysis
    4. DNA sequencing
  10. Making trees from data
    1. Operational taxonomic units
    2. Coding data
    3. Distance methods and numerical phenetics
    4. Parsimony
    5. Maximum likelihood
    6. Bayesian inference
    7. Bootstrapping and jackknifing
    8. Consensus trees
  11. The view from today
    1. The base of the tree
    2. Magnoliids
    3. Ceratophyllum
    4. Monocots
    5. Eudicots