Practice Exam Questions for Final Exam

Which of the following statements about loneliness is true? (9)
a. It is a subjective experience and not related to the number of people we have around us.
b. It is more dependent on the number of people we have around us than any
subjective experience.
c. It is unhealthy to desire solitude.
d. Loneliness is always temporary.

According to equity theory, equity in a relationship exists if (9)
a. rewards - costs = 0.
b. each person's benefits from the relationship are equal when contributions are equal.
c. One's expectations about a relationship match with actual outcomes.
d. people agree ahead of time what work they will do, regardless of actual work.

According to your text, one reason why males and females differ on aggression
is that
(10)
a. males are better at reading emotions than females.
b. females are more fearful of retaliation than males.
c. females are better at reading emotions than males.
d. females are smarter than males.

An individual is most likely to retaliate against someone who harmed him or her if (10)
a. the amount of harm done is large, regardless of the intent behind the act.
b. the amount of harm done is small, regardless of the intent behind the act.
c. the other person intended harm, even if the harm is relatively low.
d. the other person did not intend to do harm.

According to research cited in your text, we are most likely to engage in social
control behavior in situations involving (11)
a. low personal implications.
b. high personali implications.
c. low danger.
d. high danger.

According to your text, politically conservative individuals are less likely to help
people in poverty because they (11)
a. lack empathy.
b. expect too much gratitude.
c. blame people for their plight.
d. lack knowledge about the causes of poverty.

According to research presented in the text, if an eyewitness testifies that he or she
remembers some trivial detail, unrelated to the crime itself, what effect does this
have on the jury? (12)
a. The witness's credibility and ability to persuade the jury are increased.
b. The witness's credibility and ability to persuade the jury are decreased.
c. The witness's credibility and ability to persuade the jury are not affected.
d. The witness's credibility and ability to persuade the jury depend on the type
of unrelated detail they provide.

The tendency for persons of one race to have difficulty identifying persons from
another race is referred to as _____ (12)
a. racism.
b. the other race effect.
c. race confusion.
d. the outgroup effect.

One of the major reasons why the propinquity or proximity effect is related to
liking another person is because (L)
a. people who are closer to you generally irritate you more.
b. you can smell people who are closer to you.
c. you are more likely to interact with people who are closer to you.
d. the closer you are, the more you find out about their bad habits.

In the MTV video about violence, Dr. Mio made an effort to point out that a particular
sign of violence potential was (L)
a. childhood abuse or neglect.
b. the accessibility to or fascination with weapons.
c. increase in risk-taking behaviors.
d. withdrawal from friends and usual activities.

Essay Questions:

Byrne proposed the notion that we like those who share more values with us, whereas
Rosenbaum proposed a repulsion hypothesis. Explain what these two views of liking are.
According to lecture, who is right and why
?

Describe the "jigsaw technique" and "peer mentoring." How can these two ways of
grading improve race relations among schoolchildren?

 

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