RESEARCH EXPERIENCE


1991-1993 Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Materials Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory.
Design, construction and implementation of a low-temperature,
high-field scanning tunneling microscope (STM) for surface studies on high-Tc superconductors.

1993-2002 Department of Chemistry and Physics, Western Carolina University
Research areas include scanning tunneling microscopy, high temperature
superconductivity, superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) magnetometry.

2002-Pres. Physics Department, Cal State Polytechnic University
Research areas include scanning probe microscopy, high temperature
superconductivity, superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) magnetometry.

 

SCHOLARLY WORK SINCE 1993

Publications in Refereed Journals

Vandervoort KG, Brelles-Mariño G (2014) Plasma-Mediated Inactivation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Biofilms Grown on borosilicate Surfaces underContinuous Culture System. PLoS ONE 9(10): e108512. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0108512

Kurt Vandervoort and Graciela Brelles-Mariño, "Cal Poly Pomona NUE Project: Implementing Microscale and Nanoscale Investigations Throughout the Undergraduate Curriculum," J. Nano Educ. 5, 51-60 (2013)

A. Zelaya, G. Stough, N. Rad, K. Vandervoort, and G. Brelles-Mariño, "Pseudomonas aeruginosa Biofilm Inactivation: Decreased Cell Culturability, Adhesiveness to Surfaces, and Biofilm Thickness upon High-Pressure Non-Thermal Plasma Treatment," IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science. 38, 3398 (2010).

Gregory Cohoon, Chris Boyter, Michael Errico, Kurt Vandervoort, and Ertan Salik, "Enhancing Sensitivity of Biconical Tapered Fiber Sensors with Multiple Passes through the Taper," Optical Engineering 49, 034401 (2010).

Jonathan C. Joaquin, Calvin Kwan, Nina Abramzon, Kurt Vandervoort, and Graciela Brelles-Mariño, "Is Gas-Discharge Plasma a New Solution to the Old Problem of Biofilm Inactivation?," Microbiology 155, 724 (2009).

K. G. Vandervoort, N. Abramzon and G. Brelles-Marino, "Plasma Interactions with Bacterial Biofilms as Visualized through Atomic Force Microscopy," IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 36, 1296 (2008).

K. G. Vandervoort, T. T. Nguyen, M. A. Demine, and W. K. Kwok, "Measurements of the Meissner fraction as a function of oxygen ordering for oxygen deficient YBa2Cu3O7-d single crystals", Superconductor Science and Technology 19 , 980 (2006).

Kurt Vandervoort, Asif Hyder, Stephanie Barker, and Raul Torrico, "Including Nanoscale Investigations in Undergraduate Physics Laboratories at All Levels of the Curriculum", in Education in Nanoscience and Engineering, edited by R. Carpenter, S. Seal, N. Healy, N. Shinn, W. Braue (Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 931E , Warrendale, PA, 2006), 0931-KK03-02.

K. G. Vandervoort, S. L. Adams, and A. M. Hyder, "Revealing the blaze angle: a simple experiment for visualizing diffraction effects using microscopic and macroscopic gratings," Am. J. Phys. 74, 649 (2006).

Mark Lord, Ginny Peterson, and Kurt Vandervoort, "Integrating Investigation Across the Geology and Physics Curricula using the Cullowhee Creek Enviromental Field Station, Western North Carolina", J. Geosci. Ed. 51, 415 (2003).

K. G. Vandervoort, M. J. Lesmerises*, K. C. Shuler*, and J. M. Spratt*, "Modeling the Electrical Resistivity of the Earth's Subsurface on Paper", Am. J. Phys. 70, 871 (2002).

B. B. Lewis*, K. G. Vandervoort, and R. D. Foster*, "Measurements of Quantized Conductance in Gallium as a Function of Temperature", Solid State Communications 109, 525 (1999).

Diana A. Ohonjo*, Kurt G. Vandervoort, and David J. Butcher, "Highly Oriented Pyrolytic Graphite as a Platform for Atomic Absorption Spectrometry", Microchemical J. 61, 247 (1999).

Kurt G. Vandervoort, Kristin N. McLain*, and David J. Butcher, "Scanning Tunneling Microscope Study of Etch Pits on Highly Oriented Pyrolytic Graphite Heated in an Atomic Absorption Electrothermal Analyzer", Appl. Spectrosc. 51, 1896 (1997).

V. Majidi, J. A. Holcombe, K. G. Vandervoort, D. J. Butcher, and J. D. Robertson, "Electrothermal Vaporization and Characterization of the Graphite Surface at Elevated Temperatures", Appl. Spectrosc. 51, 408A (1997).

R. P. Chiarello, H. You, H. K. Kim, T. Roberts, R. T. Kempwirth, D. Miller, K. E. Gray, K. G. Vandervoort, N. Trivedi, S. R. Phillpot, Q. J. Zhang, S. Williams, J. B. Ketterson, "X-ray Reflectivity Study on Gold Films During Sputter Deposition", Surface Science 380, 245 (1997).

R. K. Zasadzinski, K. G. Vandervoort, and G. W. Crabtree,"Study of the Proximity Effect in Nb/Au, Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 + y/Au and HgBa2CuO4 /Ag Using a Scanning Tunneling Microscope",J. Appl. Phys. 79, 7843 (1996).

Kurt G. Vandervoort, David J. Butcher, Chris T. Brittain*, and Benji B. Lewis*,"Scanning Tunneling Microscope Images of Graphite Substrates Used in Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry",Appl. Spectrosc. 50, 928 (1996).

K. G. Vandervoort, J. M. Willingham*, and C. H. Morris*, "Simple, Inexpensive Probe for Resistivity Measurements above 77 K on Metals and Superconductors", Am. J. Phys. 63, 759 (1995).

K. G. Vandervoort, R. K. Zasadzinski, G. G. Galicia, and G. W. Crabtree, "Measurements of the Temperature Dependence of Piezoelectric Tube Scanner PZT-5A for use in Scanning Tunneling Microscopes", Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 3862 (1994).

R. K. Zasadzinski, K. G. Vandervoort, G. W. Crabtree, and D. G. Hinks, "Tunneling Measurements of the Quasiparticle Lifetimes in Ba0.65K0.35BiO3 ",J. Appl. Phys. 76, 407 (1994).

P. G. Radaelli, B. A. Hunter, J. L. Wagner, D. G. Hinks, A. W. Mitchell, K. G. Vandervoort, H. K. Viswanathan, J. D. Jorgensen, and B. Dabrowski, "Properties of LaSrCuO as a Function of Sr Content", Phys. Rev. B 49, 4163 (1994).

B. M. Vlcek, H. K. Viswanathan, M. C. Frischherz, S. Fleshler, K. Vandervoort, J. Downey, U. Welp, M. A. Kirk, and G. W. Crabtree, "Role of Point Defects and their Clusters for Flux Pinning as Determined from Irradiation and Annealing Experiments in YBa2Cu3O7-d Single Crystals", Phys. Rev. B 48, 4067 (1993).

H. You, R. P. Chiarello, H. K. Kim, and K. G. Vandervoort, "X-ray Reflectivity and Scanning Tunneling Microscope Study of Kinetic Roughening of Sputter Deposited Gold Films during Growth", Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 2900 (1993).

K. G. Vandervoort, R. K. Zasadzinski, G. G. Galicia, and G. W. Crabtree, "Calibration from 4 to 300 K of the Voltage Response of Piezoelectric Materials for use in Scanning Tunneling Microscopes", Rev. Sci. Instrum. 64, 896 (1993).

Book Contributions

Anna Zelaya, Kurt Vandervoort, and Graciela Brelles-Mariño "Battling Bacterial Biofilms with Gas Discharge Plasma," in Plasma for Bio-Decontamination, Medicine and Food Security (Editors: Zdenko Machala, Karol Hensel, Yuri Akishev, NATO Science for Peace and Security Series A: Chemistry and Biology, Springer, 2012).

Kurt Vandervoort, "Microscopy as an Analysis Tool for Studying Plasma Applications," in Environmental and Biological Applications of Gas Discharge Plasmas, edited by Graciela Brelles-Mariño (Nova Science, Hauppauge, NY, 2010).  

Virginia Peterson, Mark Lord, and Kurt Vandervoort, "Establishment of an Investigative Curricular Approach Across the Geology and Physics Programs at Western Carolina University and Implementation at Other Institutions," in Developing and Sustaining a Research-Supportive Curriculum: A Compendium of Successful Practices (Council of Undergraduate Research, Washington DC , 2007).

Quick Quizzes for instructor's companion Web site for, Physics for Scientists and Engineers, 6th Edition, Serway and Jewett (Thompson-Brooks/Cole, Belmont, California, 2003).

Questions and answers for Tests 1, 3, 5, and 6 in, The Best Test Preparation for the MCAT, (Research and Education Association, Piscataway, New Jersey, 2004), pp. 381 - 400, pp. 448-462, pp. 601-621, pp. 670-687, pp. 817-837, pp. 882-897, pp. 929-946, pp. 990-1007.

Kurt Vandervoort, "Ballistics," in The Gale Encyclopedia of Science, Bridget Travers ed., (Gale Research, New York, 1995), Vol. 1, pp. 395 - 397.

Kurt Vandervoort, "Conservation laws," in The Gale Encyclopedia of Science, Bridget Travers ed., (Gale Research, New York, 1995), Vol. 2, pp. 943 - 947.

Kurt Vandervoort, "MAGLEV," in The Gale Encyclopedia of Science, Bridget Travers ed., (Gale Research, New York, 1995), Vol. 4, pp. 2174 - 2176.

Kurt Vandervoort, "Microscopy," in The Gale Encyclopedia of Science, Bridget Travers ed., (Gale Research, New York, 1995), Vol. 4, pp. 2310 - 2314.

 

Conference Presentations

K. G. Vandervoort, J. C. Joaquin, C. Kwan, J. D. Bray, R. Torrico, N. Abramzon, and G. Brelles-Mariño, "Investigations of Biofilm-Forming Bacterial Cells by Atomic Force Microscopy Prior to and Following Treatment from Gas Discharge Plasmas", March Meeting of the American Physical Society, Denver, Colorado, March 5 - 9, 2007.

Bray, J.D.; Joaquin, J.C.; Kwan, C.; Vandervoort, K.; Brelles-Marino, G.; Abramzon, N. “Emission Spectroscopy and Atomic Force Microscopy Studies of Plasma Assisted Biofilm Inactivation”, Pulsed Power Plasma Science, 2007. PPPS 2007. Conference Record - Abstracts. IEEE, 17-22 June 2007 Page(s):338 – 338, Digital Object Identifier 10.1109/PPPS.2007.4345644

Joaquin, J.C.; Kwan, C.; Bray, J.D.; Vandervoort, K.; Abramzon, N.; Brelles-Marino, G., “Kinetics and microscopic studies of plasma-assisted biofilm destruction”, Plasma Science, 2006. ICOPS 2006. IEEE Conference Record - Abstracts. The 33rd IEEE International Conference on, 2006 Page(s):404 – 404, Digital Object Identifier 10.1109/PLASMA.2006.1707277

Melodie Nguyen* and Kurt Vandervoort, "Magnetic Flux Trapping Due to Oxygen Disorder in Y-Ba-Cu-O", American Physical Society Meeting, Los Angeles, CA, March, 2005.

Kurt Vandervoort and Asif Hyder*, "Restructuring Introductory Laboratories to Include Investigations at the Nanoscale", American Physical Society Meeting, Los Angeles, CA, March, 2005.

Melodie Nguyen* and Kurt Vandervoort, "Magnetic Flux Trapping Due to Oxygen Disorder in Y-Ba-Cu-O", American Physical Society Meeting, Los Angeles, CA, March, 2005.

Kurt Vandervoort, Matthew Demine*, Melodie Nguyen*, and Robert Frisbee* "Magnetic Flux Trapping in Oxygen Disordered States of YBa2Cu3O7-d", American Physical Society Meeting, Montreal, Canada, March, 2004.

Kurt Vandervoort and Matthew Demine*, "Magnetic Flux Trapping in Oxygen Disordered States of YBa2Cu3O7-d", American Physical Society Meeting, Austin, TX, March, 2003.

Kurt Vandervoort, Mike Lesmerises*, Kylie Shuler*, James Spratt*, Ginny Peterson and Mark Lord, "An Indoor Laboratory to Model an Electrical Resistivity Survey of the Earth", Southeast Section of the American Physical Society Meeting, Charlottesville, VA, November, 2001.

Kurt Vandervoort, Mike Lesmerises*, Kylie Shuler*, Ginny Peterson and Mark Lord, "Incorporating Application Based Laboratories into the General Physics Course", American Physical Society Meeting, Seattle, WA, March, 2001.

K. G. Vandervoort, B. B Lewis*, and R. D. Foster*, " Measurements of Quantized Conductance in Gallium as a Function of Temperature ", American Physical Society Meeting, Atlanta, GA, March, 1999.

K. G. Vandervoort, B. B Lewis*, and R. D. Foster*, "Temperature Dependence of the Quantized Conductance in Liquid and Solid Gallium", American Physical Society Meeting, Los Angeles, CA, March, 1998.

K. G. Vandervoort, K. M. McLain*, and D. J. Butcher, "Scanning Tunneling Microscopy of Oxygen Induced Etch Pits on Highly Oriented Pyrolytic Graphite", American Physical Society Meeting, Kansas City, MO, March, 1997.

K. G. Vandervoort, D. J. Butcher, C. T. Brittain* and B. B. Lewis*, "Characterization of Graphite Substrates Employed in Atomic Absorption Spectrometry by Scanning Tunneling Microscopy", APS Meeting, St. Louis, MO, March, 1996.

K. G. Vandervoort, D. J. Butcher, and C. T. Brittain*, "Scanning Tunneling Microscopy of Graphite Tubes Employed in Atomic Absorption Spectrometry, American Physical Society Meeting, San Jose, CA, March, 1995.

K. G. Vandervoort, R. K. Zasadzinski, G. G. Galicia, and G. W. Crabtree, "Full Temperature Calibration from 4 to 300 K of Piezoelectric Scanner PZT-5A for use in Scanning Tunneling Microscopes", APS Meeting, Seattle, WA, March, 1993.

Internally Funded Grants

$ 17,730 Ten internal awards including 2 Faculty Research Grants, 1 Summer Research Grant, 1 Graduate Research Assistant Grant, 2 Microgrants, and 4 Travel Grants.

Externally Funded Grants

$99,862 Nanotechnology Undergraduate Education Award from National Science Foundation for, "Linking Introductory Physics Laboratories with Modern Technology by Restructuring Service Courses Around Investigations at the Nanoscale", Administered 9/04 - 9/06.

$30,000 Award from Petroleum Research Fund for, "Experimental Studies of Oxygen Disorder in High-Tc Superconductors: Linking Macroscopic and Microscopic Properties", Administered 9/01 - 5/04.

$116,329 ($55,896 from NSF) Course, Curriculum and Laboratory Improvement Award from National Science Foundation with Virginia Peterson and Mark Lord for, "Development of an On-Campus Environmental/Hydrological Laboratory", Administered 8/99 - 8/01.

$15,000 Higher-Education Visualization Initiative award from the North Carolina Supercomputing Center with Bill Kwochka and Frank Prochaska for, "Curriculum Use of Visualization and High Performance Computing in Chemistry and Physics". Administered 9/97 - 9/00.

$31,460 Cottrell College Science Award from Research Corporation for, "Superconducting Quantum Interference Device/Scanning Tunneling Microscope System". Administered 5/95 - 5/98.

SCHOLARLY WORK PRIOR TO 1993

Publications in Refereed Journals

B. M. Vlcek, M. C. Frischherz, S. Fleshler, U. Welp, J. Z. Liu, J. Downey, K. G. Vandervoort, G. W. Crabtree, M. A. Kirk, J. Giapintzakis, and J. Farmer, "Flux Pinning in YBa2Cu3O7-d Single Crystals: Neutron Irradiation and Annealing", Phys. Rev. B 46, 6441 (1992).

K. G. Vandervoort, U. Welp, J. E. Kessler, H. Claus, G. W. Crabtree, W. K. Kwok, A. Umezawa, B. W. Veal, J. W. Downey, A. P. Paulikas, and J. Z. Liu, "Magnetic Measurements of the Upper and Lower Critical Fields of Oxygen-Deficient YBa2Cu3O7-d Single Crystals", Phys. Rev. B 43, 13042 (1991).

K. G. Vandervoort, G. Griffith, H. Claus, and G. W. Crabtree, "A Low Field SQUID Magnetometer System for Magnetic Characterization of High-Tc Superconducting Samples", Rev. Sci. Instrum. 62, 2271 (1991).

G. W. Crabtree, W. K. Kwok, U. Welp, J. Downey, S. Fleshler, K. G. Vandervoort and J. Z. Liu, "Anisotropic Twin Boundary Pinning in YBa2Cu3Ox", Physica C 185-189, 282 (1991).

L. D. Rotter, Z. Schlesinger, R. T. Collins, F. Holtzberg, C. Feild, U. Welp, G. W. Crabtree, J. Z. Liu, Y. Fang, K. G. Vandervoort, and S. Fleshler, "Dependence of the Infrared Properties of Single-Domain YBa2Cu3O7-d on Oxygen Content", Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 2741 (1991).

L. Nunez, R. D. Rogers, G. W. Crabtree, U. Welp, K. Vandervoort, A. Umezawa, and Y. Fang, "Magnetic and Structural Properties of Fe in Single Crystals of YBa2Cu3-xFexO7-d", Phys. Rev. B 44, 4526 (1991).

M. Xu, D. Shi, A. Umezawa, K. G. Vandervoort, and G. W. Crabtree, Full-Penetration Temperature and Magnetic Relaxation in a Single Crystal of Bi2Sr2CaCu2Ox", Phys. Rev. B 43, 13049 (1991).

K. G. Vandervoort, G. W. Crabtree, Y. Fang, S. Yang, H. Claus, and J. W. Downey, "Time-Dependent Meissner Fraction as a Function of Aging in an Oxygen-Deficient YBa2Cu3O7-d Single Crystal", Phys. Rev. B 43, 3688 (1991).

H. H. Wang, A. M. Kini, L. K. Montgomery, U. Geiser, K. K. Carlson, J. M. Williams, J. E. Thompson, D. M. Watkins, W. K. Kwok, U. Welp, and K. G. Vandervoort, "Synthesis of the New Highest Tc Ambient-Pressure Organic Superconductor, k-(BEDT-TTF)2Cu[N(CN)2]Br, by Five Different Routes", Chem. of Mat. 2, 482 (1990).

A. Umezawa, G. W. Crabtree, U. Welp, W. K. Kwok, and K. G. Vandervoort, "Twin-Boundary Effects on Flux Entry and Lower Critical Fields in Single-Crystal YBa2Cu3O7-d", Phys. Rev. B 42, 8744 (1990).

J. C. Campuzano, G. Jennings, M. Faiz, L. Beaulaigue, B. W. Veal, J. Z. Liu, A. P. Paulikas, K. Vandervoort, H. Claus, R. S. List, A. J. Arko, and R. J. Bartlett, "Fermi Surfaces of YBa2Cu3O6.9 as Seen by Angle-Resolved Photoemission", Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2308 (1990).

A. M. Kini, U. Geiser, H. H. Wang, K. D. Carlson, J. M. Williams, W. K. Kwok, K. G. Vandervoort, J. E. Thompson, D. L. Stupka, D. Jung, and M. -H. Whangbo, "A New Ambient-Pressure Organic Superconductor, k-(ET)2Cu[N(CN)2]Br, with the Highest Transition Temperature Yet Observed (Inductive Onset Tc = 11.6 K, Resistive Onset = 12.5 K)", Inorg. Chem. 29, 2555 (1990).

J. P. Rice, D. M. Ginsberg, M. W. Rabin, K. G. Vandervoort, G. W. Crabtree, and H. Claus, "Anisotropic Magnetic Relaxation, Hysteresis, and Meissner Fraction in Untwinned Single-Crystal YBa2Cu3O7-d Produced Without Applying Stress", Phys. Rev. B 41, 6532 (1990).

W. K. Kwok, U. Welp, G. W Crabtree, K. G. Vandervoort, and J. Z. Liu, "Flux Flow Resistivity in Single Crystal YBa2Cu3O7-d", Physica B 163, 242 (1990).

L. E. DeLong, D. Togliatti, G. W. Lehman, W.-K. Kwok, G. W. Crabtree, K. G. Vandervoort, and D. G. Hinks, "Positive Curvature in the Upper Critical Field of Heavy Fermion Superconductors", Physica B 163, 499 (1990).

H. Claus, G. W. Crabtree, K. G. Vandervoort, J. Z. Liu, D. Lam, E. D. Bukowski, and D. M. Ginsberg, "Strong Low-Field Hc2 Anisotropy in Tl2Ba2Ca2Cu3Ox", J. of Appl. Phys. 67, 5049 (1990).

D. Shi, M. Tang, K. Vandervoort, and H. Claus, "Formation of the 110-K Superconducting Phase via the Amorphous State in the Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O System", Phys. Rev. B 39, 9091 (1989).

D. Shi, M. Tang, M. S. Boley, M. Hash, K. Vandervoort, H. Claus, and Y. N. Lwin, "Crystallization of the Metal-Oxide Glasses in Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O Systems", Phys. Rev. B 40, 2247 (1989).

B. W. Veal, J. Z. Liu, A. P. Paulikas, K. Vandervoort, H. Claus, J. C. Campuzano, C. Olson, A.-B. Yang, R. Liu, C. Gu, R. S. List, A. J. Arko, and R. Bartlett, "Photoelectron Spectroscopy Study of YBa2Cu3Ox with Varied Oxygen Stoichiometry: Possible Evidence for Strong Coupling Superconductivity", Physica C 158, 276 (1989).

D. E. Farrell, S. Bonham, J. Foster, Y. C. Chang, P. Z. Jiang, K. G. Vandervoort, D. J. Lam, and V. G. Kogan, "Giant Superconducting Anisotropy in Bi2Sr2Ca1Cu2O8+d", Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 782 (1989).

S. E. Stupp, M. E. Reeves, D. M. Ginsberg, D. G. Hinks, B. Dabrowski, and K. G. Vandervoort, "Low-Temperature Specific Heat of Polycrystalline Ba0.6K0.4BiO3", Phys. Rev. B 40, 10878 (1989).

U. Welp, W. K. Kwok, G. W. Crabtree, K. G. Vandervoort, and J. Z. Liu, "Magnetic Measurements of the Upper Critical Field of YBa2Cu3O7-d Single Crystals", Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 1908 (1989).

A. Umezawa, G. W. Crabtree, K. G. Vandervoort, U. Welp, W. K. Kwok, J. Z. Liu, "Temperature Dependence of the Lower Critical Field of Single Crystal YBa2Cu3O7-d", Physica C 162-164, 733 (1989).

J. W. Lynn, T. W. Clinton, W-H. Li, R. W. Erwin, J. Z. Liu, K. Vandervoort, and R. N. Shelton, "2D and 3D Magnetic Behavior of Er in ErBa2Cu3O7", Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 2606 (1989).

G. W. Crabtree, W. K. Kwok, U. Welp, R. Burriel, H. Claus, K. G. Vandervoort, and J. Z. Liu, "The Upper Critical Field of High Temperature Superconductors", J. of Magnet. and Magnet. Mat. 76 & 77, 547 (1988).

U. Welp, W. K. Kwok, G. W. Crabtree, H. Claus, K. G. Vandervoort, B. Dabrowski, A. W. Mitchell, D. R. Richards, D. T. Marx, and D. G. Hinks, "The Upper Critical Field of Ba1-xKxBiO3", Physica C 156, 27 (1988).

D. Shi, M. Blank, M. Patel, D. G. Hinks, A. W. Mitchell, K. Vandervoort, and H. Claus, "110 K Superconductivity in Crystallized Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O Glasses", Physica C 156, 822 (1988).

U. Balachandran, D. Shi, D. I. Dos Santos, S. W. Graham, M. A. Patel, B. Tani, K. Vandervoort, H. Claus, and R. B. Poeppel, "120 K Superconductivity in the (Bi, Pb)-Sr-Ca-Cu-O System", Physica C 156, 649 (1988).

J. Z. Liu, K. G. Vandervoort, H. Claus, G. W. Crabtree, and D. J. Lam, "Low Field Magnetic Properties of Superconducting Tl2Ba2Ca2Cu3Ox Single Crystals", Physica C 156, 256 (1988).

B. W. Veal, H. Claus, J. W. Downey, A. P. Paulikas, K. G. Vandervoort, J. S. Pan, and D. J. Lam, "Preparation and Characterization of the 110 K Superconducting Phase in the Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O System", Physica C 156, 635 (1988).