The Medieval Liberal Arts Curriculum: Geometry

Geometry during the Middle Ages, was construed narrowly as the science of measurements.As with the other disciplines, the focus of Medieval geometry was on the relational values or ratios between objects. Just as Arithmetic was thought to quantitatively express the ratio between things, and Music the expressive means of doing the same thing, Geometry was seen as an additional method of determining ratios.It was used primarily as a means of measuring and calculating the then-known world. However, the concern with ratios also extended into the concepts about God's relationship with his creation and ultimately with humans. To the Medieval mind, this relationship was conceived in geometric terms, and the whole design and structure of God's universe was one that was based on geometry.

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