Cecilia Concepcion Alvarez(born ): Cecilia Alvarez is a Seattle-based artist who received her education
at California State University, San Diego. She has exhibited her works extensively in Washington and on the West Coast.
A leading voice in the Chicana art movement, Alvarez's works include paintings and public murals.
ReferencesChicano Art: Inside, Outside The Master's House by Alicia Gaspar De Alba, p.115
Mabel Alvarez (born 1891-1985):Mabel Alvarez, a California portrait painter who also worked on
still-lifes and symbolist work. She studied with Impressionis William cahill and was greatly
influenced by the artist Stanton Macdonald-Wright who she met in 1919.
Macdonald-Wright was one of the founders of the school of painting known as
Synchronism a modernist approach art. In 1922, Alvarez joined the Group of Eight,
who were painters with a modernist orientation.
References:Mabel Alvarez Web Site
Emma Amos (born:1938):Emma Amos grew up in Atlanta but was trained in London. She began her career as a weaver,textile designer and print maker.
Amos' artistic sensibilities are informed by her strongly articulated assertion that for her, as an African American woman, art is fundamentally "a political act."
She is associated with the feminist Heresies Collective for whom she has both written and painted. Her mixed-media pieceEqualsdepicts an African
woman free-falling into space against the back drop of the American flag on which a slave hut is lodged in the upper left-hand corner. The whole piece
is bordered with a strip of kente cloth whose stripes are alternated with the head of Malcolm X.
References:African American Art by Sharon F. Patton. pp. 244-247.
Judith Baca (born 1946):Judith Baca received her bachelor's degree from Cal State Northridge in 1969 and her Master's degree from the same
institution in 1979. She studied mural painting
techniques in Mexico and has used her art to not only as an expression of her Chicana identity,
but as a medium for serving her community.
Reference:Chicano Art: Inside, Outside The Master's House by Alicia Gaspar De Alba, pp. 136-139.
Judith Baca Web Site
Judith Baca Biographical Data
Santa Contreras Barraza (born):Santa Barraza is a Mexican-American artist and teacher.
She was raised in Kingsville, Texas where her family has lived for several generations.
Her personal experiences and identification with the landscapes of South Texas
have played a pivotal role in shaping her artistic expressions.
Barraza's paintings incorporate memories of family life, holy communions, healing ceremonies, landscapes, and neighborhoods.
Her works are a blend of the Mexican-American experience and interpretations of
ancient Mayan elements.
References:Chicano Art: Inside, Outside The Master's House by Alicia Gaspar De Alba,
Santa Contreras Barraza
Santa Contreras Barraza Web Site
Yreina D. Cervantez (born:) Cervantez was born in Kansas and received her degree from the University of California at Santa Cruz.
She also earned a Masters of Fine arts degree from the University of California in Los Angeles.
A versatile artist, she works in several media. Her artistic sensibility is drawn heavily
from her cultural heritage. One of her best known works is her Homage to Frida Kahlo.
Reference:Chicano Art: Inside, Outside The Master's House by Alicia Gaspar De Alba, p. 57.
Yreina D. Cervantez Web Site
Ana Laura de la Garza (born:)Portraitist and installation artist. Her best known work is
Quatra A a monoprint depicting red-haired, grotesquely dressed bridal gown surrounded
Reference: Ana Laura de la Garza Web Site
Audrey Flack (born 1931-):Audrey Flack studied at Cooper Union and Yale University. After a stint as an Abstract expressionist, Flack began
using photo realism as the vehicle for conveying the social and political themes. Throughout the 1960s and 70s Flack's works drew upon events and personalities of
the civil rights and women's movements.
References:Audrey Flack on Painting by Audrey Flack; Breaking the Rules:Audrey Flack by
Thalia Gouma Persen.
Audrey Flack Web Site
Images of Works by Audrey Flack
Esperanza Gama (born:) Esperanza Gama received her Bachelor of Fine arts degree from
the University of Guadalajara, Mexico. She describes her works as being influenced by the Renaissance tradition and
the Surrealists. By her own description, they fall into the class of Magical Realism. A versatile artist
with a broad range of artistic perspectives and expressions. Her solo exhibit Mujeres de Cuatro Siglos was an artistic
recapitulation of the lives of women in the last four centuries. Esperanza Gama's work as a graphic artist has earned her
References: Esperanza Gama Web Site
Esperanza Gama Home Page
Ester Hernandez (born:1944) Ester Hernandez was born in Northern California to farm laborers with a family tradition
in the arts. According to her biographical profile of herself she states that "my mother carried
on the family tradition of embroidery from her birthplace in North Central Mexico,
my grandfather was a master carpenter who made religious sculpture in his spare time; and my
father was an amateur photographer and visual artist." Hernandez's most famous work, Sun
Mad Raisins, a satirical manipulation of a well known logo, stands as a powerful commentary against the exploitation of farm laborers.
References: Chicano Art:Inside, Outside the Master's House, by Alicia Gaspar De Alba, pp. 141-143.
Ester Hernandez Web Site
Ester Hernandez Biography
Looking At Ester Hernandez's Work
Patricia Ping Lin(born:1943)Patricia Ping Lin was born in Singapore during the Japanese occupation of Malaysia. She received
an early British education and immigrated to the United States in 1967. She received her bachelor's degree from the University
of California in Los Angeles and her Ph.D. from the University of Southern California. A multi-media artist, her works include
digital and computer generated art, as well as paintings in water colors and oils.
Hung Liu(born:1948) Hung Liu was born in Changchun, Manchuria in North China. During the cultural revolution,
she was sent to work in the fields as part of the "re-education process." During this period, Liu developed an interest in photography.
After the cultural revolution she attended the Beijing Teacher's College and graduated with a degree in art in 1975. She later
received a graduate degree in mural painting in 1981. Liu came to the United States in 1984 to attend the University of
California in San Diego. Liu has exhibited widely and is the recipient of numerous grants and awards. A painter in several media,
she is also a muralist and installation artist. Her works, frequently based on old photographs from the Manchu period in Chinese history,
depict the collision and assimilation of individual and national identities, as well as sexual politics of women in China and contemporary world.
References: An Analysis of Goddess of Love, Goddess of Liberty
The Art of Hung Liu:Bicultural Identity in a Postmodern World
Hung Liu Web Site
Carmen Lomas Garza (born 1948-):Carmen Lomas Garza was raised in south Texas. She was inspired to take up a career in art
by the traditional paintings that her mother executed. Lomas Garza's folk art style is used to capture a broad range
of subjects. In the 1960s Lomas Garza chronicled events she recollected during the Chicano movement. She has also
done a series of paintings of Mexican American family life.
References:Women Artists:An Illustrated History by Nancy G. Heller, pp. 244-245.
Chicano Art: Inside,Outside the Master's House by Alicia Gaspar De La Alba, pp. 100-101.
Carmen Lomas Garza Web Site
en el Dia de la Boda
Yolanda Lopez (born:1942) Yolanda Lopez was born in San Diego, California. She views
her art as a tool for political and social change and has labelled herself as an "artistic provocateur."
her Virgin of Guadalupe series, including the most famous rendition of the Virgin of Guadalupe
in running shoes, are explorations into the power and dynamism of women.
References:Chicano Art:Inside, Outside the Master's House, by Alicia Gaspar De Alba,
Biographical Sketch of Yolanda Lopez
Margo Machida:Margo Machida is a Hawaiin born Asian American artist. Her paintings,like
those of women artists such as Frida Kahlo, Yolanda Lopez and many others,
represent the multiplicities of women's identities. In one self-portrait, Machida references her Japanese
heritage by depicting herself after Yukio Mishima's enactment of the martyrdom of St, Anthony.
References:Women,Art and Society by Whitney Chadwick, p. 417.
Margo Machida on An Asian American Aesthetic
Rocio Maldonado (born 1951-):Rocio Maldonado was born in Mexico and received her education at
the Escuela Nacional de Pintura y Escultura La Esmeralda in Mexico City. She worked for a time as a
printmaker before coming to the United States in 1980. Maldonado's works have been exhibited in California, New York, Spain,
Mexico and Australia. Maldonado's works are reminiscent of the Neo-Expressionists although her themes are based on
Mexican cultural and religious themes.Her works are also characterized by dream-like motifs where figures float around the edges or
appear in ghost-like forms.
References:Women Artists:An Illustrated History by Nancy G. Heller, pp. 230-231.
Maldonado's Torso and St. Theresa
Marisol(Marisol Escobar)(born 1930-):Marisol was born in Paris although her parents were of Venezuelan descent.
The family later moved to Los Angeles when she was sixteen. Marisol studied at the Ecoles des Beaux Arts and
at the Art Students League in New York.She had her first solo exhibition in 1960 and quickly gained a reputation
for the incisive politcal and social commentaries in her sculptures. Her figures are brightly painted and retain
a deliberate roughhewn block-like quality.
References:Women Artists:An Illustrated History by Nancy G. Heller, pp. 173-176.
Amalia Mesa Baines (born:)Amalia Mesa Baines is a San Francisco based artist, scholar and curator. She has been
involved in the Chicano art movement since the 1960s and is best known for her installation work featuring
altars and ceremonial themes. The driving force of her artistic vision is what she terms the
"feminine Rasquachismo or Domesticana . . .that is simultaneously contestatory and
passionately affirming of our histories as women and our situation of struggle."
ReferencesAmalia Mesa Baines
The Sensibility of Chicana Rascuache
Amalia Mesa Baines'Shrines
Alice Neel (1900-1984):Alice Neel was educated at the Philadelphia School of Design for Women. She later lived in New York with her husband
the Cuban artist Carlos Enrique. Her successes came after the 1930's following family tragedies including the death of a child and a divorce.
Neel's commissions include work for the Public Works of Art and the Works Progress Administration.Neel established her own unique style
in her numerous portraits of socialites, celebrities and ordinary people. Her renditions are characterized by brilliant colors, extraordinary
poses and frank characterizations of humanity. She painted women nude in advanced stages of pregnancy, old age with its physical disintegration, and
as well as people in unguarded moments.
References:Alice Neel by Patricia Hills.
Alice Neel:A Profile
Alice Neel on the Internet
Eva Christina Perez(born:) Eva Christina Perez was born and raised in Mexico City where she graduated high school and studied art.
She moved to Los Angeles in 1994. She is a printmaker, sculptor as well as a painter. Her work
reflects her roots in her Mexican culture and in her evocation of women's roles as mothers
and upholders of traditional cultures.
References:About Eva Cristina Perez Henriquez
Howardena Pindell (born1943-):Howardena Pindell was born in Philadelphia and was educated at Boston University and Yale. She was actively
involved in the protests of the 1960s and 70s. She began as a landscape painter but moved on to abstraction.Subsequently, minimalism gave way to
autobiographical works. In the latter, Pindell integrates her own history with the collective African experience in her pieces. She use a blend of
pale and richly contrasting colors. Her works are also richly textured by the use of materials such as sequins, paper, string and hair which are
placed on her canvases.
References:Women Artists:An Illustrated History by Nancy G. Heller, pp. 228-230; Odyssey by Howardena Pindell;
African American Art by Sharon F. Patton, pp. 239-242.
Adrian Piper (born1943-): Adrian Piper has used her art as a means for rendering her autobiography. Her works are also the means of expressing her
involvement with contemporary issues of race and gender. Piper frequently mixes text with visuals. Political Self-Portrait done in the 1970s
uses captions that are placed across photo of herself as a child. Currently, Piper works with video and installation art to force viewers into
a confrontation with assumptions about race.
Women Art and Society by Whitney Chadwick, pp.339,349,369; African American Art by Sharon F. Patton, pp. 247-250.
Faith Ringgold (born 1930-):Faith Ringgold began as a painter but moved toward "soft" sculpture. Her signature pieces are quilt-like pieces inspired by
Tibetan thirtankas. the materiality of her medium is also part of Ringgold's feminist vision which attempts to connect art with craft. Ringgold's
"quilts" are narratives of women's lives and the articulation of what it means to be a Black woman in America.
References:Women, Art and Society by Whitney Chadwick,pp.341-342;
African American Art by Sharon F. Patton, pp.242-244.
Faith Ringgold Biography
Contemporary Quilting:A Look at Artist Faith Ringgold
Alison Saar(born 1956-): Alison Saar is the daughter of artist Betye Saar. She was inspired early in her life by her mother's work and by
her first visit to Simon Rodias' Watts Tower. Her sculpture infuses African, Caribbean and Latin American elements. She draws her subject material
from the urban environments of Los Angeles, New York and Mexico City. Saar's movement to installation art
in the 1980s incorporates cultural artifacts and themes from contemporary issues as well as African folklore.
References:African American Art by Sharon F. Patton, pp. 256-258.
Alison Saar's Subway Preacher
Betye Saar (born 1926-):Betye Saar is an assemblage artist who challenges the notion of the "fine arts"
in both the materials such as discarded objects or recycled materials that she uses in her sculptural collages. In several of her pieces,
she challenges historical racial and gender stereotypes while asserting the power of African Americans.The
Liberation of Aunt Jemima,for instance, subverts the "black mamie" stereotype of popular culture:Saar's Aunt Jemima wields a broom in one hand and a rifle in the other while
standing over a self-portrait showing her clutching an infantilized white male. The focal point of the whole assemblage is the fist of the Black power
symbol resting on a strip of kente cloth.
References:African American Art by Sharon F. Patton, pp.200-204.
Biography of Betye Saar
Niki de Saint-Phalle (born 1930-):Niki de Saint-Phalle was born in Paris but grew up in New York. She began her career in Paris in 1951.
Her works, which often include some startling methods, frequently incorporate everyday artifacts, such as plastic objects, toys
and knitting needles. In the 1960s she was part of the numerous "happenings"
all over Europe and the United States. Saint Phalle's characteristic pieces are of large figures of women
painted over with brightly colored flowers reminiscent of folk art motifs.
References:Women Artists:An Illustrated History by Nancy G. Heller, p.176.
Cindy Sherman (born 1954-):Cindy Sherman's career began in the 1970s when she began photographing herself
using a technique that was meant to evoke shoddy publicity stills. Her photography and the manipulation of the
subject matter criss cross into art, performance parody. Sherman constantly manipulates identity:she has photographed herself
in dozens of different disguises assuming a wide range of different personas. She states, however, that although all the pictures are of her,
they are not self-portraits in that none of them really show what the real Sherman actually looks like. An international success
at a comparatively young age, Sherman's work's have been exhibited in the United States, Germany, Japan and France.
References:Women Artists:An illustrated History by Nancy G. Heller, pp. 225-226;
Cindy Sherman:Photographic Work by Zdenek Felix and Martin Schwander.
Cindy Sherman on the Internet
Patssi Valdez:(born:)Patssi Valdez, received her BA degree from the Otis Parsons School
of Design in Los Angeles and continued her studies at the Parsons School of Design in New York.
Her use of colors coupled with her ability to incorporate narrative and metaphor into her art has made
her one of today's most visionary painters. In her paintings, she
juxtaposes cultural identity and gender politics through the skillful manipulation of
seemingly ordinary objects. Although the dream like quality of many of her works attest to her
alignment with magical realism, the themes of ethnic and gender struggles are ultimately central
to Valdez's artistic vision.
References: Chicano Art:Inside, Outside the Master's House, by Alicia Gaspar De Alba, p. 216.
A Precarious Comfort:Patssi Valdez's Art