Student learning outcomes describe expected student learning and growth in specified domains in the context of higher education. SLOs need to be measurable to provide evidence of student learning and development. Both, curricular and co-curricular experiences, are expected to contribute to student learning and development.
The Council for the Advancement in Standards in Higher Education (CAS) has identified six domains for learning outcomes relevant to programming and services offered through student affairs work in higher education:
- Knowledge acquisition, construction, integration, and application
- Cognitive complexity
- Intrapersonal development
- Interpersonal development
- Humanitarianism and civic engagement
- Practical competence
These domains align with CPP’s university learning outcomes (ULOs), which address student development as practitioners, integrative thinkers, and model leaders. In addition, CAS offered a comparative chart to map the alignment of CAS learning outcomes domains with those of other leading organizations, such as LEAP (AAC&U), Learning Reconsidered, accrediting agencies, and the Degree Qualifications Profile (DQP).
Student learning outcomes assessment: the purpose of a student learning outcomes assessment is to measure and provide evidence of the achievement of predetermined SLOs. Additionally, SLO assessment results are used to influence decision-making, planning, and improvement.