History 408 History of American Science and Technology
What Is Technology
Smith Chapter 1
1. What¡¯s new and striking to you in this chapter?
2. On Leo Marx¡¯s essay: How did ¡°technology¡± differ from ¡°mechanical arts¡±?
3. What is ¡°technological determinism¡±? What is a technological system?
4. On Winner¡¯s Essay: What did Mumford mean by ¡°authoritarian¡± and ¡°democratic¡± technologies? Can you think of examples of those two kinds of technologies today?
5. On MacKenzie¡¯s essay: Do ¡°better¡± technologies always win? Can you think of a ¡°better¡± technology that lost to its competitor?
6. On Lerman¡¯s essay: Why does she prefer ¡°technological knowledge¡± to technology?
7. On Pursell¡¯s essay: Can you think of examples or ways that we associate technology with manhood?
8. On Latour¡¯s essay: Why does he advocate the use of terms like ¡°hybrids¡± and ¡°networks¡± in describing technology?
9. Do you find the readings helpful? Questions and comments?