College of Letters, Arts and Social Sciences

Course Descriptions

AFRICAN HISTORY

HST 311: Ancient Egypt
The institutions of ancient Egypt, from prehistory to the end of the New Kingdom (ca. 3100 - 1085 BCE). Investigation of primary source evidence for society, religion, economy, and government. Egypt's increasing contact with states of the Mediterranean and Africa.

HST 330: Modern History of North Africa
North Africa from the Sixteenth century to the present. Political, social and economic transformations from Ottoman rule to French colonialism, nationalism and independence. Problems of decolonization. Islamism, secularism and democracy.

HST 331: Pre-Colonial Africa
Indigenous, cultural, political and economic institutions of African societies. Rise and fall of various ancient African kingdoms; their characteristic cultures, contributions, and problems, from the earliest times to the advent of the colonial era. 4 lecture discussions. Prerequisite: junior standing or permission of the instructor.

HST 332: Colonial Africa
From earliest contact between Africans and Europeans to dawn of African nationalism. Atlantic slave trade; diaspora to New World; 1884-1885 Berlin Conference and partition of Africa; European colonial policies and African response. 4 lecture discussions. Prerequisite: junior standing or permission of the instructor.

HST 333: African Nationalism and Decolonialization 
Period of trusteeship; emergence of contemporary African nationalism movements; decline of European colonization; African independence; social, political and economic aspects of contemporary African nations. 4 lecture discussions. Prerequisite: junior standing or permission of the instructor.

 

ATLANTIC BASIN HISTORY

HST 338: The Caribbean
Survey of the Caribbean from its Pre-Columbian origins through recent times. 4 hours of lectures/problem-solving sessions. Prerequisites: Upper division standing, HST 103.

HST 428: The Atlantic World 
Development of an Atlantic economy and society after European expansion in 16th Century. Slave trade and development of plantation economies in the Caribbean, Brazil, and North America. Impact on Africa, America, and Europe and world economy, 1492 to early 19th century. 4 lecture-discussions. Pre-requisite: upper division status, HST 103.


EAST ASIAN HISTORY

HST 301: Early and Medieval China
China: archeological origins, rise of textual tradition, development of political and economic institutions, philosophical debates, social structures, popular religion, and foreign relations, the annexation of Korea and Vietnam. 4 lecture-discussions. Prerequisite: HST 101 or permission of instructor.

HST 302: China from 900 to 1800
China from the Song to Qing dynasties. Political, economic, religious, social and intellectual changes. Development of Chinese science and technology. 4 lecture discussion. Prerequisite: HST 102 or permission of instructor.

HST 303: China since 1800
Transition from traditional empire to modern republic. Reaction to challenges from the West, reform efforts, new political structures, WW II, postwar era. 4 lecture-discussions Prerequisite: HST 103 or permission of instructor.

HST 365: China since 1949
Themes in the history of China since 1949: the Communist Party and the structure of the state, interpretations of Marxism-Leninim, foreign relations, intellectuals and society, human rights, popular religion. 4 lecture discussions. Prerequisite: HST 303.

HST 368: Japan to 1868
Early, Medieval and Early Modern Japan. Origins, Chinese and Korean influence, Buddhism and Shinto, Heian Court culture, Medieval wars, the Tokugawa peace. 4 lecture-discussions. Prerequisite: HST 101 and HST 102, or permission of instructor.

HST 441: Women in Asia
History of women in twentieth century China, Japan, India, and Southeast Asia. Course themes include: women, family and political economy; women in traditional and modernizing societies; women, colonialism and nationalism; women, democracy and human rights; and, women, ecology and development. 4 lecture presentations.

ANCIENT GREECE & ROME

HST 317: Ancient Greece
Aspects of ancient Greece, including the Homeric Question, rise of 
city-states, flowering of Classical Greece, appearance of history writing, philosophy, tragedy and other literary forms; Athenian vs. Spartan imperialism; the Socratic problem and the failure of the city-state. 4 activity/lecture-discussions

HST 318: Hellenistic Greece and Republican Rome
Comparative cultural aspects of Hellenistic Greece and Republican Rome. Impact of Alexander's conquest on Greece; Hellenistic scientific, technical and cultural achievements and their influence on Rome. Roman expansion and resultant internal conflicts. 4 activity/lecture-discussions.

HST 319: Imperial Rome
Political, social and cultural aspects of the Roman Empire to 300 C.E. Formation of the empire; provincial government and economies; rise of bureaucracy and army; Christian beginnings; intellectual and cultural developments. 4 activity/lecture-discussions. 4 units.

MEDIEVAL AND MODERN EUROPE

HST 320: Early Middle Ages 300--1100

Cultural, social, intellectual, political and economic history of Western Europe from 300 to 1100. Decline of Rome, rise of Germanic kingdoms; feudalism and serfdom, emergence of vernacular literature; monasticism and the spread of Christianity; rural economy and external relations. 4 activity/lecture-discussions. 4 units.

HST 321: High and Late Middle Ages 1100--1450
Cultural, social, intellectual, political and economic history of western Europe from 1100 to 1450; Twelfth century Renaissance, economic expansion, Crusades, rise of kings and birth of nations; influences from Islamic world, India and China; beginnings of European expansion. 4 activity/lecture-discussions. 4 units.

HST 322: Europe 1450-1648: Renaissance, Reformation, and Wars of Religion
Europe from the 15th to the mid-17th Centuries, Italian city states, Humanism. Origins of European empires, rise of competitive sovereign states, development of capitalism, breakdown of Christian unity. Cultural achievements of the Renaissance and Reformation, including origins of modern science. 4 lecture-discussions.

HST 323: Europe 1648-1789: Enlightenment, Absolutism, and Constitutionalism
Europe from the Treaty of Westphalia to the French Revolution (1648 -1789): struggle over absolute and constitutional forms of monarchy; origins of liberalism; Atlantic powers' struggle for empire; the Enlightenment; social and economic changes on the eve of the Industrial Revolution; origins of French Revolution. 4 lecture-discussions.

HST 324: Europe 1789-1850: Revolution and Reaction
Political, social, and economic origins, development, and impact of the French Revolution, Napoleonic era, and the revolutions of 1830 and 1848. Impact of early industrialization and revolutionary aspirations on social structure, political systems, and cultural values, including formation of modern ideologies like Marxism. 4 lecture discussions. Fulfills area D synthesis. Prerequisites: General Education Area A & D; sub-area 1, 2 & 3.

HST 325: Europe 1850 -1914: Nationalism, Imperialism, and Industrialization.
Europe's world hegemony. Impact of rapid industrialization on social structure, political systems, and cultural values. Impact of unification of Italy and Germany on international system; origins of World War I. Origin of modernism in the arts. Critique of liberalism. 4 lecture-discussions.

HST 326: Europe 1900-1945: World Wars and the Crisis of Liberalism.
European imperialism, modernism in the arts, World Wars I and II, the Great Depression, the Holocaust, and the challenge of Fascism, Nazism and Communism to liberal democracy, humanism, and the Enlightenment. 4 lecture-discussions.

HST 327: Europe since 1945: Cold War, Unity, and New Order
Political, economic, and cultural developments in Europe since World War II: the Cold War, ideological conflicts, the economic revival and unification of Western Europe, reemergence of nationalism and regionalism, and the dissolution of communism in East Central Europe. 4 lecture-discussions

HST 351: Britain to 1689 
British History to the Glorious Revolution. Celtic, Roman, Anglo-Saxon, and Norman foundations. Development of monarchy, parliament, and common law. Nationalism. Renaissance, and Reformation, emphasizing Henry VIII and Elizabeth I. First colonial ventures. Causes of the Civil War and Glorious Revolution. 4 lecture/discussions. Prerequisite: completion of all required lower division General Education course work in Area D. This course fulfills Social Science Synthesis.

HST 352: Britain since 1689 
British history since the Glorious Revolution, emphasizing political, social, and economic aspects. Transformations in agriculture, technology, and industry. Constitutional and social reforms. Rise and fall of the Empire. World wars. Socialism and the emergence of the welfare state. 4 lecture-discussions. Prerequisite: completion of all required lower division General Education course work in Area D.

HST 421: The Scientific Revolution
The Revolution in the Western perception and understanding of nature between the time of Copernicus and Newton. Emergence of science during a time of political, social, and religious upheaval. Relationship to art, the occult, philosophy, and technology. 4 lecture-discussions. Prerequisites: Completion of at least one lower-division GE course from each section area represented under the interdisciplinary courses. This course fulfills Interdisciplinary Synthesis for Area B-4, or C-4, or D-4.

HST 423: Modern Science in World History
Second scientific revolution at turn of the 20th century, subsequent developments in science and society. Rise of quantum and relativity theories, nuclear physics and weapons, solid-state physics, high energy physics, astrophysics and cosmology, quantum chemistry, molecular biology, computer, earth sciences. Pre-requisite: junior standing or permission of instructor.

HST 425: Great Britain in the Industrial Revolution
Transformation of the British economy, social structure, political system, and intellectual life, 1760-1900. Technological and scientific change. Effects of industrialization and urbanization. Social and political reform movements, threats of revolution. Rise of trade unions and socialism. 4 lecture/discussions.

RUSSIAN HISTORY

HST 354: Early Russia (to 1700)
Economic, social, political, and cultural development of the Russian lands to 1700. The first Russian state at Kiev. Appanage Rus' and Mongol rule. Development of the Muscovite autocracy. Time of Troubles. Establishment of serfdom. New social and political order of the seventeenth century. 4 lecture-presentations.

HST 355: Imperial Russia (1682-1917)
Economic, social, political, and cultural development of Russian empire to 1917. Emphasis on periods of reform, political institutions, serfdom, social groups and minorities, Westernization, agrarian economy, and industrialization. Collapse of old regime in revolutions of 1905-1907 and 1917. 4 lecture-discussions

HST 356: Soviet Union
Bolshevik Revolution, Soviet constitution, development of political institutions, major economic and diplomatic developments since 1917. 4 lecture-discussions.

 

LATIN AMERICAN HISTORY

HST 335: Colonial Latin American History
A survey of the history of Latin America from its Pre-Columbian origins through the 
Initial phases of the struggle for Independence after 1810. 4 hours of 
lectures/problem-solving sessions. Prerequisites: None.

HST 336: Latin America During the Nineteenth Century
A survey of the history of Latin America from the Independence era through the 
end of the nineteenth century. 4 hours of lectures/problem-solving sessions. 
Prerequisites: None.

HST 337: Latin America Since 1900
Latin America during the Twentieth century. 4 hours of 
lectures/problem-solving sessions. This course is offered as a Social Sciences Synthesis course in Area D.

HST 338: The Caribbean
Survey of the Caribbean from its Pre-Columbian origins through recent times. 4 hours of lectures/problem-solving sessions. Prerequisites: Upper division standing, HST 103.

HST 361: History of Brazil
A survey of the history of Brazil from European contact to recent times. 4 hours 
of lectures/problem-solving sessions. Prerequisites: None.

HST 362: Colonial Mexican History
Mexico from its Pre-Columbian origins through the initial phases of the struggle for Independence after 1810. 4 hours lecture/problem-solving. This course is offered as a Humanities Synthesis course in Area C. Prerequisites: Completion of all required lower division General Education course work in Areas A and C: Sub-areas 1, 2, and 3.

HST 363: Mexican History since 1810 
A survey of the history of Mexico from the end of its Colonial Era to recent times.
4 hours of lectures/problem-solving sessions.

HST 428: The Atlantic World 
Development of an Atlantic economy and society after European expansion in 16th Century. Slave trade and development of plantation economies in the Caribbean, Brazil, and North America. Impact on Africa, America, and Europe and world economy, 1492 to early 19th century. 4 lecture-discussions. Pre-requisite: upper division status, HST 103.

HST 437: The Mexican Revolution
History of the Mexican Revolution, from origins to current day.  Analysis of political, social, cultural, and economic implications.  4 lecture discussions.  Prerequisite: junior standing or permission of instructor.

HST 438:  Latin America since the Cuban Revolution
Analysis of the Cuban Revolution and its impact on Latin America and US-Latin American Relations.  4 lecture discussions. Prerequisite: junior standing or permission of instructor.

 

MIDDLE EAST HISTORY

HST 310: Ancient Mesopotamia
The region of Mesopotamia and its environs during the Bronze Age (ca. 3100 - 1200 B.C.E.). Investigation of primary source evidence for aspects of Mesopotamian culture such as writing, kingship, law, trade, religion, and diplomacy.

HST 311: Ancient Egypt
The institutions of ancient Egypt, from prehistory to the end of the New Kingdom (ca. 3100 - 1085 BCE). Investigation of primary source evidence for society, religion, economy, and government. Egypt's increasing contact with states of the Mediterranean and Africa.

HST 312: Ancient Israel and Middle Eastern Empires
The ancient Near East from 1200 B.C.E. to the end of the Persian Empire (323 B.C.E.). Historical context of the kingdom of Israel; the successive Near Eastern empires (Assyrian, Babylonian, Persian); religious movements and the development of monotheism.

HST 313: The Middle East: The Rise of Islam
Muhammad and the rise of Islam. The Islamic expansion and the establishment of the Caliphate. Social, economic and religious institutions. Development of Islamic sects, doctrine, law, and Sufism. Political decentralization, advent of Shi'i domination and the waning of Arab hegemony. 
4 Lecture- presentations.

HST 314: Islamic history in the Middle Ages
The Saljuk Turks and the revival of Sunnism. The Crusades and the Mongol invasions of the Near East. The Mamluks in Egypt and Syria, the Safavids in Iran and the Ottomans in Anatolia. Social, political, and economic developments in Middle Eastern societies until the end of the 18th century.
4 Lecture, presentations. 4

HST 315: History of the Middle East
The Middle East since the collapse of the Ottoman Empire. Western Imperialism. Rise of Arab nationalism and state-building. Zionism and Israel. The Arab-Israeli conflict and the Palestine Question. Turkey and Iran. Economic, political, social, and cultural problems of the region.
4 Lecture, presentation.

HST 316: History of the Modern Iran
Modern history of Iran from the rise of the Safavids to the present. Religious, social, economic and political developments, their role in regional and global history. Nationalism, oil, the Pahlevis, and the Islamic revolution. Current developments and challenges. 4 lecture-discussions. Prerequisite: junior standing or permission of instructor.

HST 330: Modern History of North Africa 
North Africa from the Sixteenth century to the present. Political, social and economic transformations from Ottoman rule to French colonialism, nationalism and independence. Problems of decolonization. Islamism, secularism and democracy.

HST 420: Islamic Science in World History
Rise and development of science in Islamic civilization, its relationship to ancient science. Historiography and fields of Islamic science, scientists and their contributions. The translations from Greek to Arabic and from Arabic to Latin. Islamic science and Renaissance Europe. 4 lecture-discussions. Prerequisite: junior standing or permission of instructor.

 

SOUTH ASIAN HISTORY

 

HST 305: Ancient and Medieval India
Tradition and transformation in the political, social and economic history of India beginning with the Indus Valley civilization and ending with the Mughal empire. Rise of various religions and philosophies. Artistic and creative trends. India and the outside world. 4 lecture-presentations.

HST 306: Modern India
History of modern India from the end of the Mughal empire to the present. The pressures of tradition and modernity. The interaction between colonialism and nationalism. Communal separatism versus national integration. Democracy and development, population and poverty in post-independent India. 4 lecture-presentations.

HST 307: South Asia
History of South Asian nations: India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh since the 1940s. Social, political and economic trends: religion and politics, communal and ethnic conflict, women's movements, challenges to democracy and development. South Asia in a global perspective. 4 lecture-presentations.

HST 309: Modern Southeast Asia
History of Southeast Asian nations (Burma, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, and the Philippines) from the seventeenth century to the present. Indian and Chinese Influences; Commerce, Christianity and Conquest, Imperialism, Nationalism, and Communism; and, Problems of development and democracy. 4 lecture-presentations.

HST 441: Women in Asia
History of women in twentieth century China, Japan, India, and Southeast Asia. Course themes include: women, family and political economy; women in traditional and modernizing societies; women, colonialism and nationalism; women, democracy and human rights; and, women, ecology and development. 4 lecture presentations.

 

SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

HST 408: History of American Science and Technology
History of science, technology, and environment in the U.S. from colonial period to present. Science in government, scientific institutions, science and religion, industrial revolution, "coming of age" of American science, atomic bombs, Cold War, environmental movement, computing revolution, biotechnology. 4 lecture-discussions

HST 421: The Scientific Revolution
The Revolution in the Western perception and understanding of nature between the time of Copernicus and Newton. Emergence of science during a time of political, social, and religious upheaval. Relationship to art, the occult, philosophy, and technology. 4 lecture-discussions. Prerequisites: Completion of at least one lower-division GE course from each section area represented under the interdisciplinary courses. This course fulfills Interdisciplinary Synthesis for Area B-4, or C-4, or D-4.

HST 423: Modern Science in World History
Second scientific revolution at turn of the 20th century, subsequent developments in science and society. Rise of quantum and relativity theories, nuclear physics and weapons, solid-state physics, high energy physics, astrophysics and cosmology, quantum chemistry, molecular biology, computer, earth sciences. Pre-requisite: junior standing or permission of instructor

HST 432: Technology in World History
Catalog Description: Evolution of technology in world history from prehistory to the twentieth century, emphasizing cross-cultural contacts, world-wide processes and big problems . Classical achievements, Islamic contributions, rise of the West, Industrial Revolution, railroad and electronic ages. Social and economic effects. 4 activity/lecture-discussions.

 

UNITED STATES HISTORY

HST 201: United States History, to 1877
History of the United States from earliest settlement to the end of Reconstruction (1877), with emphasis on the political, social, cultural and economic trends and episodes which molded and characterized the early American nation. 4 lecture discussions.

HST 202: United States History, from 1877
History of the United States together with state and local materials from the Reconstruction (1865) to present. Emphasis on the political, social, cultural and economic trends and events which have molded and characterized America as a modern nation and world power. Meets the U.S. History and Institutions requirement for graduation. 4-lecture discussions.

HST 341: Colonial America
Native American civilizations and early European colonization efforts up to the Revolutionary War, including conflict and cooperation among diverse groups, the origins of American slavery, and other key formative influences and events. 4 one-hour seminars. Prerequisite: HST 201 or HST 202.

HST 342: U.S. in the Federal Period
Analysis of U.S. society, economy, ideas, and politics from approximately 1776 to 1812; emphasis on the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, the Federalist, the roles of common people of all types, as well as major political figures in the Founding of the U.S. Constitutional Republic. Investigation of historical and theoretical approaches to the American Founding. 4 lecture/discussions. Prerequisites: PLS 201 and HST 202.

HST 343: The Age Of Jackson
Extended analysis of the transformation of America from a revolutionary, republican, homogeneous society to an expansionist, democratic, and diverse society; student examination of primary source materials and competing interpretations. Prerequisite: HST 201 or HST 202

HST 344: Civil War and Reconstruction
Analysis of origins of the critical years 1860-90 and resulting institutional changes, especially the redefinition of American citizenship and the status and aspirations of African Americans. Includes student report on primary source materials and competing interpretations. 4 one-hour seminars. Prerequisite: HST 201 or HST 202.

HST 345: America Comes of Age, 1890-1945 
Analysis of historical events in the US during the last decade of the 19th century to the conclusion of World War II and examination of selected problems in that period. Four lecture presentations.

HST 347: U.S. Since 1945
Analysis of the crucial political, social, diplomatic, cultural, popular cultural, and economic themes of U.S. history since 1945. Emphasis on primary source material focusing on change and continuity, ethnic and cultural diversity, and involvement in world affairs. 4 lecture/discussions. Prerequisites: HST 202 and PLS 201.

HST 370: History of California
A survey of the formation and development of California from its Native American origins to the present with an emphasis on the social, economic, political, and artistic contributions of its diverse population. 4 hours lecture/discussion. This course is offered as a Humanities Synthesis course in Area C. Prerequisites: Completion of all required lower division General Education course work in Areas A and C: Sub-areas 1, 2, and 3.

HST 371: History of Southern California
History of Southern California as a distinctive geographical, economic, cultural, social and political entity. Interrelation of the region with the state, nation and world. Origins of cities, inhabitants, and institutions of the area. 4 lecture/discussions. Prerequisite: HST 370 or permission of instructor.

HST 372:  Spanish Borderlands
History of the American Southwest and Florida.  Emphasis on the impact of euro-american intrusion on demography and natural environment.  4 lecture discussions. Prerequisite: junior standing or permission of instructor.

HST 374: The American West
The impact of the West on American democratic ideals and institutions. The role of the trapper, trader, Indian, cowboy, miner, and farmer. The frontier in literature, mythology, and the American conscience. 4 lecture discussions. Prerequisite: junior standing or permission of instructor.

HST 401: African Americans History, Part I
The historical experience and contributions of African Americans from the diaspora through World War I, focusing on the impact and significance of slavery, the Civil War and Reconstruction, the Industrial Revolution, urbanization and World War I. 4 lecture/discussions. Prerequisite: junior standing or permission of instructor.

HST 402: History of the African American II
From World War I to the present. The Pan-African movement and its influence upon African American nationalist movements, civil rights, and other current African American movements. 4 lecture/discussions. Prerequisite: junior standing or permission of instructor.

HST 403: History of Native Americans
Role of Indian people in the shaping of America. Examination of the cultural diversity of Native America prior to contact and how conquest shaped Indian lives especially in the American West. Emphasis on Indian resistance to conquest; cultural adaptation; changing definitions of Indian identity; continuity of the Indian experience. 4 lecture discussions. Prerequisite: HST 201/202 and/or junior standing or permission of instructor.

HST 405: Immigrants in American Life
European and Asian immigrants; their role in the contributions to the political, economic, social and cultural life. Problems of assimilation and the myth of the "melting pot." 4 lecture/discussions. Prerequisite: junior standing or permission of instructor.

HST 406: Women in the United States
Women's role in shaping American history from colonial times to the present. Emphasis on the diversity of women's experiences based on race, ethnicity, and class; questions of sexual stereotyping and historical legal rights of women; changing notions of womanhood over time. 4 lecture-discussions. Prerequisites: Completion of at least one lower-division GE course from each section area represented under the interdisciplinary courses. This course fulfills Interdisciplinary Synthesis for either Area C-4 or D-4.

HST 408: History of American Science and Technology
History of science, technology, and environment in the U.S. from colonial period to present. Science in government, scientific institutions, science and religion, industrial revolution, "coming of age" of American science, atomic bombs, Cold War, environmental movement, computing revolution, biotechnology. 4 lecture-discussions

HST 409: History of War and American Society
Examination of the many ways society affects and is affected by war and military institutions, as shown in selected wars. Topics include historical overview, military strategy, perspectives of the "opposition," ethical issues, and healing and reconstruction. 4 seminars. Prerequisite: HST 201, 202, PLS 201, or permission of instructor.

HST 410: Twentieth-Century American Political Biography
Leading American statesmen as seen through the best of their biographers, with an examination of the making and unmaking of American heroes and changing fashions in the art of biography.

HST 413: Religion in American History
Significant role of religions in historically shaping and challenging American social ideas, philosophy and practices. Views American religion from multiple perspectives of history, literature, and philosophy, revealing strength of a particular disciplinary view, and advantage of linking that view to others in a synthetic approach.

HST 414: History of U.S. Foreign Affairs 
Historical study of U.S. role in the world. Analyses of complex questions involving U.S. relations with other nations and peoples, requiring investigation of primary sources and conflicting historical points of view. Issues investigated span the whole of U.S. history, but major concentration is on 20th century. 4 lecture/discussions. Prerequisite: HST 202 and PLS 201.

HST 415: American Intellectual History 
Seminar investigating major themes in the intellectual history of the United States, highlighting the latest scholarship and the most pressing issues in today's conversation about the meaning of the American experience. Pertinent topics and influential thinkers from the Founding generation to the present.

 

WORLD HISTORY

HST 101: History of World Civilizations
Origin and development of world civilizations in Southeast Asia, Mediterranean Basin, Inner Asia, India, China, Europe, Polynesia, the Americas and sub-Saharan Africa. Integrative study of ancient political, economic and social organizations, technological achievements and mythological, religious and artistic expressions. 4 activity/lecture-discussions.

HST 102: History of World Civilization: The Middle Period
Cross-cultural study of Western Christendom, Byzantium, Islam, India, East Asia, Africa and Americas. Impact of Central Asian nomads on Eurasian civilizations. Medieval origins of European science and technology. European Renaissance, Reformation, and expansion into Africa, Asia, and Americas. 4 Lecture discussions.

HST 103: World Civilizations: Modern Period
Rise of global system under western European dominance; technological and scientific basis of western expansion; emergence of modernity and its ultimate transformation of western society; European expansion and resistance of traditional societies in America, Africa, Asia and Oceania. 4 activity/lecture-discussions.

HST 431: Topics in World Civilizations
In-depth analysis of a specific global historical trend transforming the world civilization, such as the emergence of world system(s); formation of ethnic, racial and national identities; capitalism, colonialism and development; ecological imperialism, religious movements; industrialization and modernization. 4 lecture-presentations.

HST 423: Modern Science in World History
Second scientific revolution at turn of the 20th century, subsequent developments in science and society. Rise of quantum and relativity theories, nuclear physics and weapons, solid-state physics, high energy physics, astrophysics and cosmology, quantum chemistry, molecular biology, computer, earth sciences. Pre-requisite: junior standing or permission of instructor

HST 432: Technology in World History
Catalog Description: Evolution of technology in world history from prehistory to the twentieth century, emphasizing cross-cultural contacts, world-wide processes and big problems. Classical achievements, Islamic contributions, rise of the West, Industrial Revolution, railroad and electronic ages. Social and economic effects. 4 activity/lecture-discussions.

HST 433: Nonviolence in the Modern World
Nonviolence in religious and philosophical traditions of the world, history of nonviolent change in the twentieth century, role of leaders in political and social movements dedicated to nonviolence, analysis of nonviolent worldviews and methods, and their significance in contemporary context. 4 lecture-discussions. Fulfills GE synthesis course requirements for areas C4 and D4. Open to all majors. Prerequisite: junior standing or permission of instructor.

HISTORIOGRAPHY and SENIOR THESIS ("Core" classes)

HST 100: The Study and Practice of History
Introduction to history as a discipline and academic major. Readings, group discussions and participation in research colloquia and web-based exercises. 4 lecture/discussion/online assignments.

HST 300: History Methods
Writing the history research paper; introduction to research and writing
techniques through completion of a historiographic essay under faculty supervision. 4 seminars.

HST 390: History and Historians
Critical and analytical examination of traditional and contemporary approaches to historiography. Short essays and a research paper on a single historian, a particular methodology, or a school of historical interpretation required. 4 seminar-discussions.

HST 461 and 462: Senior Thesis
Researching a senior thesis in history under faculty supervision. Detailed
outline of thesis required, based on extensive research in the sources. 4 units directed research

SPECIAL COURSES

HST 399: History of Modern Nation States
Analysis of events and developments that shaped a modern nation state, selected in advance and based on faculty specialization. Topics include cultural achievements, nationalism, regionalism, and separatism, ethnic and religious minorities, social class, ideology, modernization, science and technology, and imperialism. May be repeated whenever a different historical period of the nation or a new topic is offered. Prerequisite: junior standing or permission of instructor.

HST 400: Special Study for Upper Division Students
Investigation of selected problems, either individually or in groups. Total credit limited to 4 units, with a maximum of 2 units per quarter.

HST 463: Undergraduate Seminar
Study and discussion by students of recent developments in the students' major fields of focus.

HST 499: Special Topics for Upper Division Students
Group study of a selected topic, the title to be specified in advance. Total credit limited to 8 units, with a maximum of 4 units per quarter. Instruction is by lecture, laboratory, or a combination. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor. Corequisites may be required.