I. General References:

These materials are idea resources for originating designs.

Architecture, Art, Design, and Planning

Banham, Reyner. Los Angeles. The Architecture of Four Ecologies. Baltimore, Maryland: Penguin Books Inc., 1971.

Bishop, J. The Appraisal of Buildings: A Case-Study and Critique of Approaches. Bristol, England: University of Bristol School for Advanced Urban Studies, 1978.

Blake, Peter. God's own Junkyard. New York: Holt, Rinhart and Winston, 1979.

Boston Society of Architects. Architecture Boston. Barre, Massachusetts: Barre Publishing, 1976.

Branner, Robert. Gothic Architecture. New York: G. Braziller, 1961.

Choay, Francoise. Le Corbusier. New York: G. Braziller, 1960.

Collins, George Roseborough. Antonio Gaudi. New York: G. Braziller, 1960.

Council for Environmental Education. Directory of Environmental Literature and Teaching Aids. London: School of Education, 1979.

Department of City Planning. Density, Adjustment Study. Los Angeles: Department of City Planning, 1972.

Department of City Planning. The Concept for the Los Angeles General Plan. Los Angeles: Department of City Planning, 1970.

Department of the Interior, Office of Information. Endangered Species? Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1968.

Drexler, Arthur. Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe. New York: G. Braziller, 1970.

Freeman, Donald, ed. Boston Architecture. Cambridge, Massachusetts and London, England: The MIT Press, 1970.

Gebhard, David and Winter, Robert. A Guide to Architecture in Los Angeles and Southern California. Salt Lake City: Peregrine Smith Book, 1977.

Group for Environmental Education (GEE). Introductory Unit to the Urban Environment. Philadelphia: Group for Environmental Education, Inc., 1971.

Group for Environmental Education (GEE). Our Man-made Environment. A Colleciton of Experiences, Resources and Suggested Activities. Philadelphia: Group for Environmental Education, Inc., 1971.

Halprin, Lawrence. The RSVP Cycles: Creative Processes in the Human Environment. New York: George Braziller, 1969.

Haskell, Barbara. Claes Oldenburg Object into Monument. California: Pasadena Art Museum, 1971.

Heller, Alfred, ed. The California Tomorrow Plan. Los Altos, California: Willian Kaufman, Inc., 1979.

Honnold, Douglas. Southern California Architecture 1769-1956. New York: Reinhold Publishing Corp., 1956.

Levin, Kim. Lucas Samaras. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1975.

Loewenstein, Louis Klee. Annotated Bibliography on Urban Games. Monticello, Illinois: Council of Planning Librarians, 1971.

Los Angeles County Museum of Art. H.C. Westerman. Los Angeles: Los Angeles County Museum of Art, 1968.

Lovett, P. Local Studies in Towns: A Teacher's Handbook. London: George Allen and Unwin, 1980.

Lynch, Kevin. Image of the City. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press, 1967.

Macauley, David. Castle. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1977.

Macauley, David. Cathedral. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1973.

Macauley, David. Pyramid. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1975.

McCoy, Esther. Craig Ellwood: Architecture. New York: Walker, 1968.

McCoy, Esther. Richard Neutra. New York: G. Braziller, 1960.

McHarg, Ian L. Design with Nature. Garden City, New York: Natural History press, 1969.

McRae, John. Symbiosis 3 Man and His Need for Shelter: Living in Harmony with Nature. 1978.

Million, Lewis. The City in History: Its Origins, Its Transformations, & its Prospects. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, 1961.

Mumford, Lewis. The City in History: Its Origins, Its Transformations, & Its Prospects. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, 1961.

Museum of Modern Art. Object Transformed. New York: Museum of Modern Art, 1966.

Nadeau, Remi. City-Makers (Los Angeles 1868-76). Garden City. New York: Doubleday, 1948.

Norling, Ernest. Perspective Make Easy. New york: Macmillan company, 1939.

Oldenburg, Claes. Claes Oldenburg Notes. Los Angeles: Gemini G.E.L., 1968.

Oldenburg, Claes. The Mouse Museum The Raygun Wing Two Collections/Two Buildings. Chicago: The Museum of Contemporary Art and Claes Oldenburg, 1977.

Rudofsky, Bernard. Architecture Without Architects. Garden City, New York: Doubleday and Company, Inc. 1964.

Ruscha, Edward. Some Los Angeles Apartments. Los Angeles: Anders, Ritchie, Simon, 1965.

Ruscha, Edward. Sunset Strip. Los Angeles, 1966.

Ruscha, Edward. Thirty-Four Parking Lots. Los Angeles, 1967.

Ruscha, Edward. Twenty-Six Gasoline Stations. Alhambra, California: Cunning Press, 1962.

Ruscha, Edward. Various Small Fires and Milk. Los Angeles, 1964.

Salk, Jonas and Salk, Jonathan. World Population and Human Values. New York: Harper and Row, 1981.

Scully, Vincent Joseph. American Architecture and Urbanism. New York: Praeger, 1969.

Scully, Vincent Joseph. Frank Lloyd Wright. New York: G. Braziller, 1960.

Scully, Vincent Joseph. Modern Architecture. New York: G. Braziller, 1961.

Sullivan, Louis H. The Autobiography of an Idea. New York: Dover Publications, 1956.

Temko, Allen. Eero Saarinen. New York: G. Braziller, 1962.

Toffler, Alvin. Future Shock. New York: Random House, 1970.

Torczyner, Harry. Magritte, Ideas and Images. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1977.

Urban Environment Collaborative. Learning to Get Around. Philadelphia: Group for Environmental Education, Inc., 1971.

Venturi, Robert et al. Learning From Las Vegas. Massachusetts: The MIT Press, 1971.

Victor Gruen Associates. A Greater Fort Worth Tomorrow. Texas: Fort Worth Planning Committee, 1956.

Victor Gruen Associates. Central Area F Volume # 2. Fresno, California: City of Fresno, 1960.

Ward, C. The Child in the City. London: Arhitectural Press, 1978.

Ward, C. and Fyson, A. Streetwork: The Exploding School. London: Routledge & Keegan Paul, 1973.

Wurman, Richard Saul, ed. LA/ACCESS. Los Angeles: Access Press, Inc., 1980.

Wurman, Richard Saul, ed. Yellow Pages of Learning Resources. U.S.A.: Semline Inc., 1972.


Abbott, Edwin A. Flatland. London: Seeley, 1884.

Carroll, Lewis. Alice in Wonderland; and, Through the looking-glass and what Alice found there. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 1982.

Doyle, Arthur Conan, Sir. The Complete Sherlock Holmes. Garden City, New York: Garden City Publishing Company, 1930.

Juster, Norton. The Phantom Tollbooth. New York: Random House, 1961.

Kafka, Franz. Metamorphosis. trans. by A.L. Lloyd. New York: Vangaurd Press, 1946.

L'Engle, Madeleine. A Wrinkle in Time. New York: Dell Publishing Company, Inc., 1962.

O'Dell, Scott. Island of the Blue Dolphins. Boston: Houghton-Mifflin, 1960.

Saint-Exupery, Antoine de. The Little Prince. New York: Harcourt, Brace & Company, 1943.

Swift, Jonathan. Gulliver's Travels. New York: Norton, 1970.

Tolkien, J.R.R. The Fellowship of the Ring. New York: Ballantine, 1965.

Tolkien, J.R.R. The Hobbit. New York: Ballantine, 1965.

Tolkien, J.R.R. The Two Towers. New York: Ballantine, 1965. Tolkien, J.R.R. The Return of the King. New York: Ballantine, 1965


American Heritage. New York, etc.: American Heritage Publishing Compnay, 1949Ð.

Art in America. New York: Art in America, Inc., etc., 1913Ð.

Artforum. New York, etc.: Artforum, etc., 1962Ð.

Arts and Architecture. San Francisco: The Art and Architecture Publication, Co., 1900Ð.

Bulletin of Environmental Education (BEE). London: Town and Country Planning Association, 1971Ð.

Design Quarterly. Minnesota. The Walker Art Center, 1946Ð.

Domus (Italian Publication). Domus: Architecttura, arredamento, arte. Milano, 1928Ð.

Los Angeles County Almanac. Los Angeles: The Republican Central Committee, 1961Ð.

National Geographic Magazine. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society, 1888Ð. Progressive Arhitecture. New York: Reinhold Publishing Corp., 1920Ð.

Scientific American. New York: Scientific American, Inc., 1945Ð.

Smithsonian. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Associates, 1970Ð.


Bass, Saul, dir. Why Man Creates. Pyramid Films, 1970.

Eames, Charles and Eames, Ray, dir. Powers of Ten. Pyramid Films, 1968.

Eames, Charles and Eames, Ray, dir. Toccata for Toy Trains. Pyramid Films, 1957.

Lang, Fritz, dir. Metropolis. 1926.

Saarinen, Eric, dir. Ice Bag by Claes Oldenburg. Gemini G.E.L., 1969.

Van Dyke, Willard and Steiner, Ralph, dir. The City, nar. by Lewis Mumford. Pyramid Films, 1939.

II. Education References

These books are the philosophical background from which City Building strategies, curricula and procedures were developed.

Bloom, Benjamin S. All Our Children Learning. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1982.

Bloom, Benjamin S., ed. Taxonomy of Educational Objectives. New York: David McKay Company, Inc., 1956.

Bruner, Jerome S. The Process of Education. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1960.

Bruner, Jerome S. Toward a Theory of Instruction. New York: W.W. Norton & Co., Inc., 1964.

Bycroft, Peter; Mannison, Mary; and Sinnamon, Ian. Exploring the World of the Classroom: Activities in Environmental Education. Queensland: Kelvin Grove College of Advanced Education, 1979.

de Bono, Edward. Practical Thinking. New York: Penguin Books, 1971.

Dewey, John. Art as Experience. New York: Minton, Balch Company, 1934.

Dewey, John. Experience and Education. New York: Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc., 1938.

Dewey, John. How We Think. Boston: D.C. Heath & Co., 1910.

Dewey, John. The School and Society. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1900.

Environmental Board, Department of the Environment. Environmental Education in Urban Areas. London: Her Majesty's Stationary Office, 1979.

Fuller, R. Buckminster. I Seem To Be A Verb. New York: Bantam Books, Inc., 1970.

Fuller, R, Buckminster. On Education. Amherst, Massachusetts: The University of Massachusetts Press, 1979.

Hanna, Lavone H.; Potter, Gladys L.; and Hagaman, Neva. Unit Teaching in the Elementary School. New York: Rinehart & Company, Inc., 1958.

Harnack, Robert S. The Teacher: Decision Maker and Curriculum Planner. Scranton, Pennsylvania: International Textbook Company, 1968.

Holt, John. How Children Fail. New York: Dell, 1964. Holt, John. How Children Learn. New York: Dell, 1967.

Illich, Ivan. Deschooling Society. New York: Harper and Row, 1971. Kohl, Herbert. The Open Classroom. New York Review, 1969.

Kourilsky, Marilyn L. Mini-Society: Experiencing Real World Economics in the Elementary School Classroom. Menlo Park, California: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, 1983.

Kourilsky, Marilyn L. Understanding Economics. Menlo Park, California: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, 1983.

McLuhan, Marshall and Fiore, Quentin. The Medium is the Message. New York: Bantam Books, Inc., 1967.

Postman, Neil and Weingartner, Charles. Teaching as a Subversive Activity. New York: Delacorte Press, 1969.

Pratt, J. et al. Environmental Encounter: Experience in Decision Making for the Built and the Natural Environment. Dalleas, Texas: Revershon Press, 1979.

Royal Town Planning Institute. The Role of the Planner in Environmental Education. London: The Royal Town Planning Insitute, 1974.

Silberman, Charles E. Crisis in the Classroom. New York: Random House, 1970.

Skinner, B.F. Beyond Freedom and Dignity. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., 1971.

Taba, Hilda. Teacher's Handbook for Elementary Social Studies. Palo Alto, California: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, 1967.

III. City Building Documentation

A. Audio Visual

Benjamin, James, dir. American Adventure. American Broadcasting Corporation, 1970. A 2-hour documentary.

Boorstin, Jon, dir. Kid City. National Endowment for the Arts, 1972. A 27-minute film.

Contourie, Bill, dir. Purium Composite. National Endowment for the Arts, City Building Educational Program; 1973. A 30-minute video program.

Eames, Charles, dir. Kid City. Charles Eames, 1972. A 5:50-minute synchronized slide show with sound.

Nelson, Doreen, dir. Classroom City. City Building Educational Program, 1981. Looks at City Building's method in various classroom settings: traditional, migrant teacher training for migrants and educationally handicapped. Students from the first City Building class of 1969 are revisited. A 15-minute film.

Nelson, Doreen and Olney, David, dir. City Building: A Way to Learn. Office of Ray and Charles Eames, 1977. A 10-minute film.

B. Published

Coates, Gary. Alternative Learning Environments. Pennsylvania: Dowden, Hutchinson and Ross Inc., 1974.

Farallones Designs. Farallones Scrapbook. Berkeley, California: The Boys in the Back, Associated Reproductions, 1971.

Fox, Teri and Nelson, Doreen. A Documentation of the City Building Educational Program for the National Endowment for the Arts and Humanities within the Los Angeles Unified School DistrictÐ1971-1972. California: City Building Educational Program, 1972.

Hausman, Jerome J., ed. Arts and the Schools. New York: McGraw-Hill Company, 1980.

National Endowment for the Arts. Artists in Schools. Washington, D.C.: National Endowment for the Arts and the United States Office of Education, 1973.

Nelson, Doreen. City Building Education: A Way to Learn. Santa Monica, California: Center for City Building theories about how original thinking can be developed, 1982.

Nelson, Doreen. Manual for the City Building Educational Program: Architectural Consultant Edition. California: The Center for City Building Educational Programs, 1974. A curriculum guide.

Nelson, Doreen. Educational Goals in an Urban Setting. California: California State University at Northridge, 1970.

Nelson, Doreen. "City Building: A Way to Learn" Social Studies Review. Vol. 16, No. 3. Summer 1977.

Rockefeller, David. Coming to Our Senses. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1977.

Smithsonian Institution. Experimental City-Building Project Final Report. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution, July-August 1972.

IV. Sources for Additional Materials

Arts, Education & American Inc.
10 Rockefeller Plaza
New York, NY 10020

Educational Advisory Group
National Commission on Industrial Innovation
1125 West 6th Street, Suite 300
Los Angeles, CA 90017

Constitutional Rights Foundation
1510 Cotner Avenue
Los Angeles, CA 90025

Learning about Learning
411 East Mulbury Street
San Antonio, TX 78212

Law in a Free Society
5115 Douglas Fir Drive, Suite 1
Calabasas, CA 91302

Royal College of Art
Design Education Unit
Kensington Gore
London SW72EU

Royal Town and Country Planning Association
17 Carlton Terrace
London SW1Y5AS

(Saving and Preserving Arts and Cultural Environments)
1804 North Van Ness Avenue
Los Angeles, CA 90028

SPARC (Social and Public Art Resource Center)
685 Venice Boulevard
Venice, CA 90291

V. Center for City Building Education Services


City Building Education: A Way to Learn, 1982, by Doreen Nelson.

City Building Educational Programs: Architectural Consultant Edition, 1974, by Doreen Nelson.


"City Building Education: A Way to Learn,": 1977

"Classroom City," 1981

Simple Orientations to City Building

Extensive Orientations and Training in City Building

Follow-up Support