Occupational Health and Medical Surveillance
OverviewThe term "Occupational Health" or "Occupational Health and Safety" refers to a system much deeper than just preventing exposure to dangerous agents (Exposure Control) or providing observation to employees who work with these agents (Medical Surveillance). In fact, on a basic level, Occupational Health and Safety refers bluntly to the health and safety of employees in the workplace, safety against hazards including slips, trips and falls; to infectious agents, hazardous waste and bloodborne pathogens.
State and Federal law (Cal-OSHA and OSHA respectively) requires all employers to protect their employees from any hazards that they are exposed to in the workplace. These hazards are identified through a Job Hazard Analysis (JHA) which is a risk assessment of specific job duties. Employees must be made aware of the hazards to which they will be exposed as well as trained on those hazards, part of every employees required safety training and annual refresher training.
To address these concerns at Cal Poly Pomona, EH&S has provided a multi-tiered approach to address the requirements of an Occupational Health Program. The first tier encompasses physical hazards that generally result in an injury, the second tier encompasses health hazards that generally result in an illness or infection.
Chemical, Heat, Slips, Trips, Falls, Mechanical etc.
- Injury Illness Prevention Program (IIPP): provides information to employees regarding the basic hazards associated with the workplace. This includes slips, trips and falls but also provides information to the employee to anonymously report safety concerns without fear or reprisal.
- Heat Illness Prevention Program (Heat Stress): provides requirements and guidance for employees and supervisors that are exposed to high heat job duties such as working outdoors under direct exposure of the sun. This program includes requirements for shade, water, breaks and is supplemented by specialized heat stress training (required annually).
Physical Hazards are often non-specific to any one particular job safety classification and therefore apply to all employees under the proper circumstances. This information is covered in greater detail in the Occupational Safety Portal or employees can get job-specific information spanning multiple portals by visiting MySafety Portal.