Molly McPup

Introduction to Research Methods in Political Science:
The POWERMUTT* Project
(for use with SPSS)

*Politically-Oriented Web-Enhanced Research Methods for Undergraduates — Topics & Tools
Resources for introductory research methods courses in political science and related disciplines



From the menu bar, click on “Analyze,” then on “Descriptive Statistics,” and on “Descriptives….”  In the left window, select the variable(s) you wish to analyze, and click on the right arrow.  If you wish to accept all defaults, simply click on “OK.”

In addition, there are a number of additional options you can choose before clicking on “OK.”  Click on “Statistics,” “Charts,” and/or “Format,” check the optional features you would like, then click on “Continue” to return to the main dialog box.

SPSS can convert each of the variables you have analyzed into standard (z) scores.  If you wish to save these scores as variables, check “Save standardized scores as variables” before clicking on “OK.”

By default, DESCRIPTIVES provides, for each variable selected, the mean, standard deviation, minimum, and maximum.  To choose additional statistics, delete some of those provided by default, or change the order in which variables are listed in your output, click on “Options” and check the options you desire.  Then click on “Continue” and “OK.”

For any interval or ratio variable, DESCRIPTIVES can also create z-scores.  Just check “Save standardized scores as variable” in the main dialog box.


Last updated April 28, 2013 .
© 2003---2013  John L. Korey.  Licensed under a  Description: Creative Commons License Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License.