Law, Rules & Guidelines
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990
The ADA is a major civil rights law prohibiting discrimination on the basis of disability in the private and state and local government sectors. The ADA requires access to programs and services, transportation, the built environment, employment, and communication. Under the ADA, the Board develops and maintains accessibility guidelines for the construction and alteration of facilities covered by the law, as well as guidelines for the design of transportation vehicles. These guidelines serve as the basis of standards used by other agencies to enforce the ADA's design requirements. (Source: U.S. Access Board)
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 is a civil rights law designed to eliminate discrimination on the basis of disability in any program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance. Section 504 guarantees certain rights to individuals with disabilities, including the right to full participation and access to a free and appropriate public education (FAPE) to all children regardless of the nature or severity of the disability. (Source: National Resource Center on ADHD)
- What's in Section 504?
- Section 504 Resource Page - developed by Council of Educators for Students with Disabilities, Inc.
- Section 504 Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act
Section 508 requires that Federal agencies' electronic and information technology is accessible to people with disabilities.
In 1998, Congress amended the Rehabilitation Act to require Federal agencies to make their electronic and information technology accessible to people with disabilities. Inaccessible technology interferes with an individual's ability to obtain and use information quickly and easily. Section 508 was enacted to eliminate barriers in information technology, to make available new opportunities for people with disabilities, and to encourage development of technologies that will help achieve these goals. The law applies to all Federal agencies when they develop, procure, maintain, or use electronic and information technology. Under Section 508 (29 U.S.C. ' 794d), agencies must give disabled employees and members of the public access to information that is comparable to the access available to others. It is recommended that you review the laws and regulations listed below to further your understanding about Section 508 and how you can support implementation. (Source: http://www.section508.gov)
- Section 508 Homepage
- United States Access Board
- Summary of Section 508 Standards
- Section 508 Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Executive Order 926
Executive Order 926 is the California State University's (CSU) Policy on Disability Support and Accomodations. The purpose of this executive order is to document and make explicit the systemwide policies for the disability support and accommodation program and to engender monitoring and full compliance with all of the disability support and accommodation elements.
This policy is aligned with the Accessible Technology Initiative (ATI) and the coded memorandum AA-2015-22 (http://www.calstate.edu/AcadAff/codedmemos/AA-2015-22.pdf) AA-2013-03 (http://www.calstate.edu/AcadAff/codedmemos/AA-2013-03.html) from the Office of the Chancellor. For the CSU ATI history, visit the CSU ATI website (http://teachingcommons.cdl.edu/access/policy/codedmemos.shtml).
Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0
"Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0 " is developed through the W3C Process in cooperation with individuals and organizations around the world, with a goal of providing a single shared standard for web content accessibility that meets the needs of individuals, organizations, and governments internationally.
An appendix to the guidelines, "Checklist and Success Criteria" presents the checkpoints sorted by priority for easy reference. These guidelines not only make pages more accessible to people with disabilities, but also have the side benefit of making pages more accessible to all users, or to users using different browsers or one of the emerging handheld or voice-based computers.
The guidelines are written for a variety of audiences—people who are designing Web sites; people who are checking existing Web sites for accessibility; organizations that wish to require a given level of accessibility for their Web sites; and others who are interested in ensuring that people with disabilities can access information on the Web. (Source:Web Accessibility Initiative)
- Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) Overview
- WCAG 2.0 Guidelines
- WCAG Checklist
- WCAG Frequently Asked Questions
Telecommunications Act of 1996 (Section 255)
Section 255 of the Act requires telecommunications products and services to be accessible to people with disabilities. This is required to the extent access is "designed, developed, and fabricated to be accessible to and usable by individuals with disabilities when it is readily achievable to do so."(Source: U.S. Access Board)